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Emergency MR

McGraw-Hill Emergency Medical Responder 2nd Edition Ch.17

Cardiovascular disease disease of the heart and blood vessels
Coronary heart disease disease of the coronary arteries and the complications that result, such as angina pectoris or a heart attack
Coronary artery disease a term used for diseases that slow or stop blood flow through the arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood
Conditions by temporary or permanent blockage of a coronary artery as a result of coronary artery disease Acute coronary syndromes
Atherosclerosis that affects the arteries that supply the arms, legs, and feet. Peripheral artery disease
Death of heart tissue that occurs when a coronary artery becomes severely narrowed or is completely blocked, usually by a blood clot (thrombus) Acute myocardial infarction
Pulmonic valve A semilunar valve located at the junction of the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
An abnormal heart rhythm in which the heart's electrical impulses are completely disorganized andthe heart cannot pump blood effectively Ventricular fibrillation
A surgical procedute in which a graft is created from a healthy blood vessel from another part of the patient's body to reroute blood flow around a diseased coronary artery Coronary artery bypass graft
Manual defibrillator A machine that requires that the rescuer analyze and interpret the patient's cardiac rhythm
A condition in which one or both sides of the heart fail to pump efficiently Congestive heart failure
Systolic blood pressure The pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle contracts.
A sudden, temporary loss of consciousness Fainting
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator A surgically implanted device programmed to recognize heart rhythms that are too fast or life-threatening and deliver a shock to reset the rhythm.
Stent A small plastic or metal tube that is inserted into a vessel or duct to help keep it open and maintain fluid flow through it
Unexpected death from cardiac causes early after symptom onset (immediately or within 1 hour) or without the onset of symptoms Sudden cardiac death
Angioplasty A procedure in which a balloon-tipped catheter is inserted into a partially blocked coronary artery; when the balloon is inflated, plaque is pressed against the walls of the artery, improving blood flow to the heart muscle
Artherosclerosis Narrowing and thickening of the inner lining (endothelium) of the walls of large and medium-size arteries because of a buildup of plaque.
Defibrillation The delivery of an electric shock to a patient's heart to end an abnormal heart rhythm
An atrioventricular valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle Tricuspid valve
The pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle is at rest Diastolic blood pressure
The ideal series of events that should take place immediately after recognizing an injury or the onset of sudden illness Chain of survival
Ishemia Decreased blood flow to an organ or tissue
An atrioventricular valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle Mitral valve
Palpitations An abnormal awareness of one's heartbeat
To assist in lowering body temperature, bloodvessels may dilate, thus giving the patient a red or flushed appearance
Coronary arteries arteries that supply the heart with blood
The most common symptom associated with cardiac compromise and the lack of oxygenation of the heart Chest pain or discomfort
evaluate all areas of the body that may be affected by cardiac compromise. When you are performing a focused history and physical examination on a patient with chest pain, your physical exammination should
Nitroglycerin may relive chest pain associated with coronary artery disease by dilating the coronary arteries, thus increasing blood flow to the heart
Most commonly associated with failure of or damage to the left ventricle Pulmonary edema
Created by: Jimmyc