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Unit 7:5

Muscle System (updated)

QuestionAnswer
voluntary muscle skeletal
A tough, sheetlike membrane that covers and protects the tissue is a____. fascia
f the leg is moved out to the side away from the body, the movement is ____. abduction
If the lower leg is straightened away from the upper leg, the movement is ____. extension
The muscle on the upper back and neck that extends the head and moves the shoulder is the trapezius
The muscle on the upper arm that extends the lower arm is the ____. triceps brachii
The muscle on the upper chest that adducts and flexes the upper arm is the ____. pectoralis major
The muscle on the front of the thigh that extends the leg is the ____. quadriceps femoris
The muscle that extends from the ribs to the pubis and compresses the abdomen is the ____. rectus abdominus
The muscle on the front of the lower leg that flexes and inverts the foot is the ____. tibialis anterior
The muscle on the buttocks that extends the thigh is the ____. gluteus maximus
A group of inherited diseases that lead to chronic, progressive muscle atrophy is ____. muscular dystrophy
State of partial contraction Muscle tone
The end of a muscle that moves when the muscle contracts Insertion
Severe tightening of a flexor muscle Contracture
Control over the action of a muscle Voluntary
Ability of a muscle to be stretched Extensibility
Ability of a muscle to respond to a stimulus Excitability
Ability of a muscle to return to its original shape Elasticity
Strong, tough, connective-tissue cord that attaches muscles to bones Tendon
Moving a body part toward the midline Adduction
Bending the lower arm up toward the upper arm Flexion
Moving in a circle at a joint Circumduction
Increasing the angle between two bones Extension
Turning the head from side to side Rotation
Moving the arm out to the side Abduction
three main types of muscle cardiac, visceral, skeletal
contracts to circulate blood cardic muscle
contracts to cause movement in the internal organs of the body visceral/smooth muscle
attaches to bones and causes body movement skeletal muscle
treatment for muscle spasms or cramps gentle pressure and stretching of the muscle
treatments for a strain. rest, muscle relaxants or pain medications, elevating the extremity, alternating hot and cold applications
treatments for fibromyalgia. physical therapy, massage, exercise, stress reduction, medication to relax muscles and relieve pain
function of skeletal muscles attach to bones to provide voluntary movement, produce heat and energy for the body, help maintain posture, protect internal organs
Muscles are bundles of muscle fibers held together by connective tissue.
When a muscle attaches to a bone, the end that does not move is called the origin
When muscles are not in use they are partially contracted
A common contracture foot drop
The intercostal muscles are important for ___ breathing.
sudden, painful, involuntary muscle contractions are called _____ Muscle spasms
chronic, widespread pain in specific muscle sites is called _____ Fibromyalgia
A chronic condition where nerve impulses are not properly transmitted to the muscles. Myasthenia gravis
a group of inherited diseases, that lead to chronic, progressive muscle atrophy Muscular dystrophy
When muscles are not used for a long period of time, they can ____ atrophy
myalgia muscle pain
a overstretching of or injury to a muscle and/or tendon strain
Created by: votec