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USMLE rapid review

USMLE rapid review from First Aid

QuestionAnswer
often precedes squamous cell carcinoma Actinic keratosis
Primary adrenocortical deficiency Addison's disease
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lai sports, short stature, young girls Albright's syndrome
Guillain-Barre (INCREASED protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count) Albuminocytologic dissociation
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness Alport's syndrome
Anti-basement membrane antibodies Goodpasture's syndrome
Anticentromere antibodies Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies) SLE (type 3 hypersensitivity)
Anti-epithelial cell antibodies Pemphigus vulgaris
Antigliadin antibodies Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies Rheumatoid arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies Primary biliary cirrhosis
Antineutrophil antibodies Vasculitis
Antiplatelet antibodies Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Arachnodactylyl Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupil Neurosyphilis
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation Arnold-Chiari malformation
Aschoff bodies Rheumatic fever
Atrophy of the mammillary bodies Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer rods Acute myelogenous leukemia (espec the promyelocytic type)
Autosplenectomy Sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa Rheumatoid arthritis
"Bamboo spine" on x-ray Ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome Hyperreninemia
Basophilic stippling of RBCs Lead poisoning
Defective dystrophin, less severe than Duchenne's Becker's muscular dystrophy
LMN CN VII palsy Bell's palsy
Bence Jones proteins Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (IgM)
IgA nephropathy Berger's disease
Defect in platelet adhesion Bernard-Soulier disease
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis Sarcoidosis
Birbeck granules on EM Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bloody tap on LP Subarachnoid hemorrhage
"Blue bloater" chronic bronchitis
Blue-domed cysts Fibrocystic change of the breast
Blue sclera Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot-shaped heart on x-ray Tetralogy of Fallot; RVH.
Bouchard's nodes Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling Secondary to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformit Rheumatoid arthritis
Branching rods in oral infection Actinomyces israelii
"Brown tumor" of bone Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts: 1)Hyperparathyroidism 2) OSteitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease)
X-linked agammaglobulinemia Bruton's disease
Posthepatic venous thrombosis Budd-Chiari syndrome
Small/medium-artery vasculitis Buerger's disease
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV; "starry sky" appearance on histology Burkitt's lymphoma
Burton's lines Lead poisoning (Basophilic stipling of RBCs too)
c-ANCA, p-ANCA Wegner's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis
Cafe-au-lait spots on skin Neurofibromatosis
Gas emboli Caisson disease
Calf pseudohypertrophy Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Cell-Exner bodies Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy Chagas' disease
Cerebriform nuclei Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Trypanosome infection Chagas' disease
Chancre vs Chancroid Chancre - Primary syphillis (Treponema) - NOT painful & Chancroid - Haemophilus ducreyi YES PAINFUL
Charcot's triad *Multiple sclerosis: 1) nystagmus, 2) intention tremor, 3) scanning speech *Cholangitis 1)Jaundice, 2)RUQ pain, 3)Fever
Charcot-Leyden crystals Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Phagocyte deficiency Chediak-Higashi disease
Created by: Nono215