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Nobel Prize by Year

Nobel Prize winners in Literature by year

2002 Imre Kertesz Hungarian Fateless, Fiasco, Kaddish for a Child Not Born
2001 Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul British The Mystic Masseur, A House for Mr. Biswas, The Enigma of Arrival
2000 Gao Xingjian Chinese A Pigeon Called Red Beak, Signal Alarm, Bus Stop
1999 Gunter Grass German The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, Show Your Tongue
1998 Jose Saramago Portuguese Objecto Quase, Levantado do Chao, A Jangada de Pedra
1997 Dario Fo Italian Il Dito Dell'Occhio, The Virtuous Burglars, I Sani de Legare
1996 Wislawa Szymborska Polish Dlatego zyjemy (1952), Pytania zadawane sobie (1954), Wolanie do Yeti (1957), Sól (1962), Wiersze wybrane (1964), Poezje wybrane (1967), Sto pociech (1967), Poezje (1970)
1995 Seamus Heaney Irish Seeing Things, Death of a Naturalist, Wintering Out
1994 Kenzaburo Oe Japanese Shisha no ogori, Man'en gannen no futtoboru, Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness
1993 Toni Morrison American The Bluest Eye, Sula, Song of Solomon, Tar Baby, Beloved, Jazz
1992 Derek Walcott St. Lucian Epitaph for the Young, Xll Cantos, In a Green Night, Poems 1948–60, The Fortunate Traveller
1991 Nadine Gordimer South African A Guest of Honour, The Conservationist, Burger's Daughter, July's People, A Sport of Nature, My Son's Story
1990 Octavio Paz Mexican Sun Stone, Obsidian Butterfly, The Monkey Crammarian
1989 Camilo José Cela Spanish La familia de Pascual Duarte (1942), Pabellón de reposo (1943), Nuevas andanzas y desventuras de Lazarillo de Tormes (1944), La colmena (1951), Mrs. Caldwell habla con su hijo (1952), La catira (1955), Tobogán de hambrientos (1962), San Camilo I936 (1969)
1988 Naguib Mahfouz Egyptian The Thief and the Dogs (1961), Autumn Quail (1962), Small Talk on the Nile (1966)
1987 Joseph Brodsky American To Urania, Watermark, A Part of Speech
1986 Wole Soyinka Nigerian Requiem for a Futurologist (1985), A Play of Giants (1984), The Strong (1966), The Interpreters (1965)
1985 Claude Simon French The Cheat, The Tightrope, The Invitation
1984 Jaroslav Seifert Czech Various collections and newspapers
1983 William Golding British Lord of the Flies, Close Quarters, Rites of Passage
1982 Gabriel García Márquez Colombian El coronel no tiene quien le escriba, Ojos de perro azul, One Hundred Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of Cholera
1981 Elias Canetti British Hochzeit, Der andere Prozess. Kafkas Briefe an Felice [Kafka's Other Trial, tr. 1974], Die gerettete Zunge. Geschichte einer Jugend. [The Tongue Set Free, tr. 1979].
1980 Czeslaw Milosz Polish Volumes of poetry
1979 Odysseus Elytis Greek "Diary of an Invisible April", "The Monogram", "The Little Mariner"
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer American The Family Moskat (1950), The Manor (1967), Satan in Goray, The Spinoza of Market Street (1961)
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Spanish Ambit, Destruction or Love, The Shadow of Paradise
1976 Saul Bellow American Dangling Man, Henderson The Rain King (1959), Herzog (1964), Mosby's Memoirs and Other Stories (1968), Mr. Sammler's Planet (1970)
1975 Eugenio Montale Italian Omaggio a Svevo, Ossi di seppia, La farfalla di Dinard, Fuori di casa
1974 Eyvind Johnson & Harry Martinson Swedish De fyra främlingarna, Bobinack, Vinterresa i Norrbotten /// Vägen till Klockrike, Aniara
1973 Patrick White Australian Happy Valley, The Living and the Dead, The Aunt's Story
1972 Heinrich Böll German Der Zug war pünktlich
1971 Pablo Neruda Chilean Crepusculario, Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada, Residencia en la tierra
1970 Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn Russian One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, The Cancer Ward, Right Hand
1969 Samuel Beckett Irish Molloy, Malone Dies, Endgame, Waiting for Godot
1968 Yasunari Kawabata Japanese Izu dancer, Snow Country, The Old Capital
1967 Miguel Angel Asturias Guatemalan La arquitectura de la vida nueva, Leyendas de Guatemala, El Señor Presidente, Viento fuerte
1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon & Nelly Sachs Israeli / Swedish Hakhnasat Kalah (The Bridal Canopy), Oreach Nata Lalun (A Guest for the Night), Temol Shilshom (Only Yesterday) /// In den Wohnungen des Todes (In the Houses of Death), Sternverdunkelung (Eclipse of Stars), 1949, Und niemand weiss weiter (And No One Know
1965 Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov Russian Donskie rasskazy (Tales from the Don), Tikhi Don (And Quiet Flows the Don), Podnyataya tselina (Virgin Soil Upturned)
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre (refused the prize) French La Nausée (Nausea), Le Mur (Intimacy), L'Etre et le néant (Being and Nothingness), Les Mouches (The Flies), Huis Clos (No Exit)
1963 Giorgos Seferis Greek Strophe (Turning Point), E Sterna (The Cistern), Mythistorema
1962 John Steinbeck American Of Mice and Men, the Red Pony, Tortilla Flat, Cannery Row, the Grapes of Wrath
1961 Ivo Andric Yugoslavian Nemiri (Anxieties), Put Alije Djerzeleza (The Trip of Alija Djerzelez), Pripovetke (Stories), Gospodjica (The Woman from Sarajevo)
1960 Saint-John Perse French Anabase (Anabasis), Exil (Exile), Poème l'Etrangère (Poem to a Foreign Lady)
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo Italian Acque e terre (Waters and Lands), Òboe sommerso (Sunken Oboe), Giorno dopogiorno (Day after Day)
1958 Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (could not accept prize) Russian Doctor Zhivago, Okhrannaya gramota (Safe Conduct), Zemnye prostory (Wide Spaces of the Earth)
1957 Albert Camus French Le Mythe de Sisyphe (The Myth of Sisyphus), L'Étranger (The Stranger), La Peste (The Plague), La Chute (The Fall)
1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez Spanish Almas de violeta (Souls of Violet), Elejías puras (Pure Elegies), Platero y yo (Platero and I), Diario de un poeta recién casado (Diary of a Newly-Wed Poet)
1955 Halldór Kiljan Laxness Icelandic Undir Helgahnúk (Under the Holy Mountain), Vefarinn mikli frá Kasmir (The Great Weaver from Kashmir), Sjalfstaettfolk (Independent People), Ljós heimsins (The Light of the World)
1954 Ernest Miller Hemingway American The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Old Man and the Sea
1953 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill British The World Crisis (1923-29), a History of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols., 1956-58), The Unrelenting Struggle (1942), The Dawn of Liberation (1945)
1952 François Mauriac French Le Baiser aux lepreux (1922) [A Kiss for the Leper], Le Cahier noir [The Black Notebook], Le Desert de l'amour (1925) [The Desert of Love]
1951 Pär Fabian Lagerkvist Swedish Ångest (1916) [Anguish], Hjärtats sånger (1926) [Songs from the Heart], Bödeln (1933) [The Hangman], Mannen utan själ (1936) [The Man without a Soul]
1950 Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell British The Principles of Mathematics (1903), History of Western Philosophy (1946), Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy (1919)
1949 William Faulkner American The Sound and the Fury (1929), Requiem For A Nun (1951), Light in August (1932), Absalom, Absalom! (1936), Intruder In the Dust (1948), The Reivers
1948 Thomas Stearns Eliot British Prufrock, the Four Quartets, the Waste Land, Ash Wednesday, Murder in the Cathedral
1947 André Paul Guillaume Gide French Les Cahiers d'André Walter (1891) [The Notebooks of André Walter], Les Nourritures terrestres (1897) [Fruits of the Earth], Le Retour de l'enfant prodigue (1907) [The Return of the Prodigal], La Porte étroite (1909) [Strait is the Gate], Les Faux Monnayeu
1946 Hermann Hesse Swiss Glasperlenspiel (1943) [Magister Ludi], Knulp (1915), Demian (1919), Siddhartha (1922), Der Steppenwolf (1927) [Steppenwolf], Narziss und Goldmund. (1930), Die Morgenlandfahrt (1932) [The Journey to the East]
1945 Gabriela Mistral Chilean Sonetos de la muerte, Desolación [Despair], Ternura [Tenderness]
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen Danish Himmerlandshistorier (1898-1910) [Himmerland Stories], Den lange rejse (1908-22) [The Long Journey], Myter, 1907-45 [Myths])
1943 None -- --
1942 None -- --
1941 None -- --
1940 None -- --
1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää Finnish The Maid Silja, Elämä ja aurinko (1916) [Life and Sun]; Ihmislapsia elämän saatossa (1917) [Children of Man in Life's Procession]; Hurskas kurjuus (1919) [Meek Heritage]; Rakas isänmaani (1919) [Beloved Fatherland]; Hiltu ja Ragnar (1923) [Hiltu and Ragna
1938 Pearl Buck American East Wind, West Wind, The Good Earth (1931), Sons (1932), A House Divided (1935)
1937 Roger Martin du Gard French Jean Barois, Les Thibault, Le Testament du Père Leleu
1936 Eugene O'Neill American Bound East for Cardiff, Beyond the Horizon, Anna Christie, Strange Interlude, Bound East for Cardiff (1914), Before Breakfast (1916), The Long Voyage Home (1917), In the Zone (1917), The Moon of the Carabbees (1917), Ile (1917), The Rope (1918), Beyond th
1935 None -- --
1934 Luigi Pirandello Italian Il fu Mattia Pascal (1904) [The Late Mattia Pascal], I vecchi e i giovani (1913) [The Old and the Young], Si gira (1916) | [Shoot!]
1933 Ivan Bunin Russian Derévnya [The Village], as Sukhodól (1911-12) and Mítina lyubóv (1924-25) [Mitya's Love], the short story Gospodín iz San Francisco (19I6) [The Gentleman from San Francisco], end the autobiographical novel in two volumes, Zhizn Arsénieva (Part I, Istóki d
1932 John Galsworthy British The Island Pharisees (1904), The Forsyte Saga, The Silver Box (1906)
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt Swedish Vildmarks-och kärleksvisor [Songs of the Wilderness and of Love], Fridolins visor (1898) [Fridolin's Song], Fridolins lustgård (1901)[Fridolin's Pleasure Garden], Flora och Pomona (1906) [Flora and Pomona], Flora och Bellona (1918) [Flora and Bellona], an
1930 Sinclair Lewis American The Trail of the Hawk, Arrowsmith, Main Street, The Man Who Knew Coolidge (1928)
1929 Thomas Mann German Buddenbrooks, Der kleine Herr Friedemann (1898) [Little Herr Friedemann], Tristan (1903), Der Zauberberg (1924) [The Magic Mountain]
1928 Sigrid Undset Norwegian Kransen (The Garland), Husfrue (The Mistress of Husaby), Korset (The Cross); and Olav Audunssøn i Hestviken (1925 ) [The Master of Hestviken] and its sequel Olav Audunssen og hans børn (1927) [Olav Audunssøn and his Children]
1927 Henri Bergson French Essai sur les donnes immédiates de la conscience (1889) [Time and Free Will], Introduction à la métaphysique (1903 [An Introduction to Metaphysics], Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion (1932) [The Two Sources of Morality and Religion]
1926 Grazia Deledda Italian Fior di Sardegna (1892) [Flower of Sardinia],Anime oneste, romanzo famigliare (1895) [Honest Souls], with preface by Ruggero Bonghi; Il vecchio della montagna (1900) [The Old Man of the Mountain] followed by a dramatic sketch Odio vince(1904) [HateWins] ;
1925 George Bernard Shaw British appropriately Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant (1898), Arms and the Man, Man and Superman (1903), Saint Joan (1923), Major Barbara
1924 Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont Polish (Pielgrzymka do Jasnej Góry, 1895 [Pilgrimage to the Mountain of Light]), Komedjantka (1896) [The Comedian], Ziemia obiecana (1899) [The Promised Land], The Peasants
1923 William Butler Yeats Irish The Countess Cathleen (1892), The Land of Heart's Desire (1894), Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902), The King's Threshold (1904), and Deirdre (1907)
1922 Jacinto Benavente Spanish Cartas de mujeres (1892-93) [Women's Letters], were El nido ajeno (1894) [Another's Nest] and Gente conocida (1896) [High Society]
1921 Anatole France French Le Jardin d'Épicure (1895) [The Garden of Epicurus], Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard (1881), , La Rôtisserie de la Reine Pédauque [At the Sign of the Reine Pédauque]
1920 Knut Pedersen Hamsun Norwegian Sult (1890) [Hunger], Pan (1894), masterpiece Markens Grøde (1917) [Growth of the Soil]
1919 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler Swiss Olympian Spring, Prometheus und Epimetheus, Schmetterlinge (1889) [Butterflies]; Friedli der Kolderi (1891); Gustav (1892) ; Litterarische Gleichnisse (1892) [Literary Parables]; Balladen (1896); Der Gotthard (897); Conrad der Leutnant (1898); Lachende Wa
1918 None -- --
1917 Karl Adolph Gjellerup & Henrik Pontoppidan Danish Scipio Africanus, En idealist (1878) [An Idealist], Saint Just (1885) /// Fra hytterne (1887) [From the Cottages], Det forjaettede land (1891-95) [The Promised Land], Lykke-Per (1898-1904) [Lucky Peter], and De dødes rige (1912-16) [The Kingdom of the Dea
1916 Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam Swiss Ett folk (1902) [One People], Karolinerna (1897-98) [The Charles Men], Folkunga Trädet (1905-07) [The Tree of the Folkungs], Folke Filbyter and Bjälboarvet [The BjäIbo Inheritance]
1915 Romain Rolland France Les Tragédies de la foi (1909) [Tragedies of Faith], Théâtre de la révolution (1909), : L'Aube, Le Matin, L'Adolescent, La Révolte, La Foire sur la place, Antoinette, Dans la maison, Les Amies, Le Buisson ardent, and La Nouvelle Journée [Dawn, Morning, Yo
1914 None -- --
1913 Rabindranath Tagore Indian Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One], Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjali (1910) [Song Offerings], Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath of Songs], and Balaka (1916) [The Flight of Cranes]
1912 Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann German Vor Sonnenaufgang, Die Weber (1892) [The Weavers], the comedy Der Biberpelz (1893) [The Beaver Coat], the historical drama Florian Geyer (1896), Fuhrmann Henschel (1898) [Drayman Henschel], Rose Bernd (1903), and Die Ratten (1911) [The Rats]
1911 Count Maurice (Mooris) Polidore Marie Bernhard Maeterlinck Belgian Serres chaudes [Ardent Talons], L'Intruse (1890) [The Intruder], Les Aveugles (1890) [The Blind], and the love dramas Pelléas et Mélisande (1892), Alladine et Palomides (1894), and Aglavaine et Sélysette (1896)
1910 Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse German Jugenderinnerungen und Bekenntnisse (Berlin, 1900) [Memories of my Youth and Confessions], Gesammelte Werke (1871-191O) [Collected Works], 36 vols.; Dramatische Dichtungen (1864-1905) [Dramatic Works], 36 vols.; Romane, Novellen, lyrische und epische Gedi
1909 Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf Swiss Gösta Berlings Saga, Antikris mirakler (1897) [The Miracles of Antichrist], published Jerusalem (1901-1902) [The Holy City]
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken German Geistige Stromungen der Gegenwart (1908) [Main Currents of Modern Thought ], Die Lebensanschauungen der grosser Denker (1890) [The Problem of Human Life as Viewed by the Great Thinkers from Plato to the Present Time ], Der Kampf um einen geistigen Lebensi
1907 Rudyard Kipling British Plain Tales from the Hills (1888), Jungle Book, The Second Jungle Book (1895), The Seven Seas (1896), Captains Courageous (1897), The Day's Work (1898), Stalky and Co. (1899), Just So Stories (1902), Trafficks and Discoveries (1904), Puck of Pook's Hill (
1906 Giosuè Carducci Italian Levia Gravia (1868) [Light and Heavy], Inno a Satana (1865) [Hymn to Satan], Odi barbare (1877, 1882, and 1889) [The Barbarian Odes]
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz Polish Latarnik (1882) [The Lighthouse Keeper], Ogniem i mieczem [With Fire and Sword], Potop [The Deluge] and Pan Wolodyjowski [Pan Michael], Quo Vadis?
1904 Frédéric Mistral & José Echegaray y Eizaguirre French /// Spanish Miréio (1859), Calendau (1867), include Lis Isclo d'or (1876) [Islands of Gold], a collection of poems; «Nerto» (1884), a narrative poem based on a chronicle of the Avignon Popes; La Rèino Jano (1890); and Lou pouémo dóu rose (1897) [The Song of the Rhone
1903 Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson Norwegian Mellem slagene (Between the Battles), En hanske (1883) "A Gauntlet", Det flager i byen og på havnen(1884) "The Heritage of the Kurts" and På Guds veie (1889) "In God's Way"
1902 Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen German A History of Rome,
1901 Sully Prudhomme French , Stances et Poèmes (1865) [Stanzas and Poems], Croquis Italiens (1866-68) [Italian Notebook]; Solitudes (1869); Impressions de la guerre (1870) [Impressions of War]; Les Destins (1872) [Destinies]; La Révolte des fleurs (1872) [Revolt of the Flowers ]; L
Created by: KubrickIsGod



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