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7 Sc Nutri & Digest

7th Grade Science Nutrients and Digestion Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
AMINO ACID BUILDING BLOCK OF PROTEIN
CARBOHYDRATE CLASS OF ORGANIC NUTRIENTS THAT SUPPLIES THE BODY WITH ITS MAJOR ENERGY SOURCES; SUGAR, STARCH, AND CELLULOSE.
CHYME THIN, WATERY PRODUCT THAT IS THE RESULT OF DIGESTION.
CHEMICAL DIGESTION DIGESTION THAT TAKES PLACE IN THE MOUTH, STOMACH, AND SMALL INTESTINE.
DIGESTION MECHANICAL AND CHEMICAL PROCESS THAT BREAKS DOWN FOOD INTO SMALL MOLECULES SO THEY CAN BE USED BY THE BODY'S CELLS.
MECHANICAL DIGESTION PROCESS THAT OCCURS WHEN FOOD IS CHEWED AND MIXED IN THE MOUTH AND CHURNED IN THE STOMACH.
ENZYME SPECIFIC PROTEIN THAT REGULATES AND SPEEDS UP ALMOST ALL CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN CELLS WITHOUT BEING CHANGED THEMSELVES.
FAT CLASS OF ORGANIC NUTRIENTS THAT PROVIDES ENERGY AND HELPS THE BODY ABSORB SOME VITAMINS, MAY BE SATURATED OR UNSATURATED.
FOOD GROUP FOODS THAT CONTAIN THE SAME NUTRIENTS.
INORGANIC MOST COMPOUNDS MADE FROM ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON.
ORGANIC MOST COMPOUNDS THAT CONTAIN CARBON.
MINERAL INORGANIC NUTRIENT THAT REGULATES MANY CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN THE BODY.
NUTRIENTS SUBSTANCES IN FOODS THAT PROVIDE ENERGY AND MATERIALS FOR CELL DEVELOPMENT, GROWTH, AND REPAIR.
PERISTALSIS WAVELIKE, MUSCULAR CONTRACTIONS THAT MOVE FOOD THROUGH THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
PROTEIN LARGE, ORGANIC MOLECULE THAT IS MADE UP OF AMINO ACIDS AND THAT ARE NEEDED FOR GROWTH AND REPAIR OF BODY CELLS.
SALIVA WATERY, ENZYME-CONTAINING FLUID IN THE MOUTH THAT IS MIXED WITH FOOD DURING DIGESTION.
VILLI FINGER-LIKE PROJECTIONS IN THE SMALL INTESTINE WHERE NUTRIENTS ARE ABSORBED INTO THE BLOODSTREAM.
VITAMINS WATER-SOLUBLE OR FAT-SOLUBLE ESSENTIAL, ORGANIC NUTRIENTS THAT ARE NEEDED IN SMALL QUANTITIES TO HELP REGULATE BODY FUNCTION.
HOMEOSTASIS REGULATION AND MAINTENANCE OF AN ORGANISM'S INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT.
Created by: smurray817