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Speech Development 2

Mid-term Study Guide

What do children bring to language acquisition? come “pre-wired” to learn language and some aspects of general development provide a foundation
Pre-wired? -Vision focuses best at 7.5 inches -Visual preference for human faces -Optimal hearing in frequency range of human voice -Preference for mother’s voice and face
Executive function? overseeing the processing system is the brain’s executive function that allocates and coordinates mental resources
Information processing? the way we as humans organize, analyze, and synthesize information
Theory of mind? The knowledge that “other people have thoughts, beliefs, and feelings, and that these may or may not be the same as (our) own
False belief task? tests theory of mind with stories (the child has to determine between two different perspectives)
What do parents bring to language acquisition? child-directed speech and joint referencing
Components of child directed speech? Shorter utterances, few complex sentences, slow rate, higher pitch, clearly marked boundaries few corrections of syntax,topics drawn from current context, reduced vocab, repetition
How does child directed speech facilitate language? It lets the baby know that the talk is to her, reveals the emotions of the speaker, makes it easier for the baby to discriminate between sounds and words, makes language easier to process.
Scaffolding: linking the amount of support given to the child’s abilities
Script: our understanding of the way an event is organized
Routines: prefabricated units involving established verbal and nonverbal exchanges through which children participate in repeated events (itsy bitsy spider)
Scripted events: not done the same way every time, are relatively familiar (going to the grocery store)
Unique events: do not occur as often (boarding an airplane)
Unfamiliar events: very rarely occur (attending a wedding in another country)
Created by: deezer



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