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A&P Lab1

Body regions and cavities

What is the Cephalic region? Head region
What is the Occipital region? Back of the head (Nerves)
What is the Cervical region? Neck
What is the Thoracic region? Chest
What is the Pectoral region? Breast (Surface of the chest)
What is the shoulder regions for bone and muscle? 2 answers Deltoid (muscle) and Acromial (bone)
What is the region for the Shoulder blade? Scapular
What region is the armpit? Axillary
What is the Brachial region? Arm
What is the region for the forearm? Antebrachial
What is the region for the elbow? Cubital
What is the Digital region? Wrist
What is the Palmar region? Palm
What is the Pedal region? Foot
What is the Plantar region? sole of foot
What is the region from the ribs to the bottom of trunk.? Abdominal
What is the region where the thigh meets trunk (groin)? Inguinal
What is the Femoral (bone) region? thigh
What region is the Patellar? Popliteus (behind the knee)
What region is the Popliteal? Behind the knee
What is the Crural region? The leg
What region would be the calf (back of leg)? Sural
How many quadrants are there in the abdominal cavity? name them There are four quadrants in the abdomen (quad meaning four) they are: * Right upper quadrant:liver/gallbladder * Left upper quadrant:spleen * Right lower quadrant:appendix * Left lower quadrant:descending colon
Why are the concepts of body quadrants and body regions critical when it comes to the medical field? to keep from having an error in surgery
Why are body quadrants and body regions critical when it comes to the medical field? they are standardized medical terms commonly used to reference numerous body situations from symptoms such as pain to disease to injury, etc.
What is the difference between the body regions and the body quadrants? Quadrants refers to the torso only.
What are the abdominopelvic regions of the human body?part 1 Umbilical Region the centermost region surroundin the umbilicus(naval).Epigastic Region superior to the umbilical region (epi=upon,above;gasti=belly)Hypogastric (pubic) Region inferior to the umbilical region (hypo = below).
What are the abdominopelvic regions of the human body?part 2 Right&Left Iliac/Inguinal, Regions lateral to the hypogastric region (iliac=superior part of the hip bone)Right&Left Lumbar lie lateral to the umbilical region (lumbus=loin). Right&Left Hypochondriac R&L epiqastric region laterally (chondro= cartilage).
Starting from left to right, top to bottom, in anatomical position, name the to 9 body regions. R hypochondriac, epigastric, L hypochondriac, R lumbar, umblical, L lumar, R iliac, hypogastric, L iliac.
What does the abdominal cavity contain? Intestines, liver, spleen, stomach, pancreas
Name the two main body cavities and their regions. DORSAL: Contains cranial and vertebrae cavities. VENTRAL: Contains Thoracic. Abdimino-pelvic, which contains abdominal and pelvic cavities
Superior Above e.g the nose is superior to the chin
Inferior Below e.g. the stomach is inferior to the head.
Medial Toward the midline e.g. the sternum is medial to the shoulders.
Lateral Towards the side e.g. the ears are lateral to the nose.
Superficial Towards the surface e.g the skin is superficial to the heart
Deep Towards the core e.g. the lungs are deep to the ribs
Ventral or Anterior To the front e.g. the toes are ventral/anterior tothe heel
Dorsal or Posterior To the back e.g. the spine is dorsal/posterior to the sternum
Proximal For extremities, meaning near the trunk e.g. the elbow is proximal to the wrist
Distal For extremities, meaning away from the trunk e.g. the toes are distal to the knee
Anatomical position body upright, facing forward, arms and legs straight, palms facing forward,feet flat on the ground, and eyes wide open.
What differs between a dog and humans anatomical positioning? dogs are quadrupeds, therefor their view is later, thereas humans are at an Anterior view.
Dorsal body cavity cranial and vertebrae cavities
Ventral body cavity thoracic cavity, diaphragm, abdominal and pelvic cavities
Thoracic cavity Pleural and pericardial cavities, diaphragm, mediastinum
Abdominopelvic cavity abdominal and pelvic cavities
What is the mediastinum? the space between the lungs
What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity? The diaphragm
What separates the abdominal cavity from the pelvic cavity THERE IS NO PHYSICAL BARRIER BETWEEN THESE TWO CAVITIES.
What does the pelvic cavity contain? Urinary and genital structures
Created by: 100000682368717



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