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Bio 8B

Classification

TermDefinition
Classification system of grouping based on similarities and differences
Taxonomy the study of how scientists classify/ group organisms based on their similarities, differences, and ancestry
Domain 3-part classification system that encompasses all kingdoms; broadest classification
Kingdom classification into which living organisms are grouped in Linnaean taxonomy; falls under different domains
Hierarchy system of classification that ranks things/ organisms by levels
Asexual reproduction reproduction in which a single parent produces offspring that are genetically identical to that parent
Sexual reproduction reproduction that requires a male and female gamete to produce offspring
Autotrophic organism that makes their own food by using energy to convert inorganic molecules into sugars; ie: plants makes their own food through photosynthesis
Heterotrophic organisms that obtain their nutrients or food from consuming other organisms
Multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell
Unicellular an organism made up of only one cell
Fungi kingdom of organisms that include yeasts, molds, mushrooms, and other organisms
Animalia kingdom of organisms that include lions, dogs, aardvarks, humans, cockroachs, etc.
Plantae kingdom of organisms that include mosses, grass, ferns, flowering plants, green algae, trees, etc
Protista kingdom of organisms that include unicellular organisms such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena, etc. and some multicellular organisms such as seaweed
Archaea kingdom of prokaryotic organisms that tend to be found in extreme environments
Eubacteria kingdom of prokaryotic organisms that can be found in any environment and include such organisms as E. coli, strep, pneumonia, good bacteria in your digestive system, etc; many are very beneficial
Eukaryote organism whose cells contain membrane bound organelles; contain membrane bound nucleus in their cells
Prokaryote organism in which their cells do not contain a nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelle
Created by: tneal1