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Ab/Genital Injuries

Chapter 28

QuestionAnswer
Closed abdominal injury Any injury of the abdomen caused by a nonpenetrating instrument or force, in which the skin remains intact; also called blunt abdominal injury
Evisceration The displacement of organs outside of the body.
Flank the region of the lower rib cage.
Guarding Contracting the stomach muscles to minimize the pain of abdominal movement; a sign of peritonitis
Hematuria The presence of blood in the urine
Hollow Organs Structures through which materials pass, such as the stomach, small intestines, large intestines, ureters, and bladder
Open abdominal injury An injury of the abdomen caused by a penetrating or piercing instrument or force, in which the skin is lacerated or perforated and the cavity is opened to the atmosphere also called penetrating injury.
Peritoneal Cavity The abdominal cavity
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum
Solid organs Solid masses of tissue where much of the chemical work of the body takes place (e.g. the liver, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys)
Supine hypotensive syndrome A drop in blood pressure caused when the heavy uterus of a supine patient in the third trimester of pregnancy obstructs the vena cava, decreasing blood return to the heart.
Created by: azoch