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SpEd Chapter 6

speech disorder difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering,
language disorder difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information
receptive language disorder difficulty receiving or understanding information
expressive language disorder difficulty formulating ideas and information
cleft palate or lip condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip
dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors
speech oral expression of language
language structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating
phonology use of sound to make meaningful syllables and words
phonemes individual speech sounds
morphology system that governs the structure of words
morpheme smallest meaningful unit of speech
syntax rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
semantics meaning of what is expressed
pragmatics use of communication in contexts
social interation theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions
articulation speaker's production of individual or sequences sounds
substitutions when a child replaces some sounds with others such as /t/ for/k/
omissions when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word
apraxia motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
pitch affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx and the location of the larynx
duration length of time any speech sound requires
intensity loudness or softness, is determined by the perception of the listener and by the air pressure coming from the lungs
resonance perceived quality of someone's voice
hypernasality when too much air passes through the nasal cavity during speech
hyponasality when not enough air passes through the nasal cavity during speech
fluency rate and rhythm of speaking
specific language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
organic disorders those cheated by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
functional disorders those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
congenital disorder occurs at or before birth
acquired disorder occurs well after birth
oral motor exam test appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, jaw
bilingual uses two languages equally well
bidialectual uses two variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) focuses on augmented input of language
Created by: caitbuss



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