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Chapter 27

Vital Signs

QuestionAnswer
Antecubital space Small groove or fold in the inner arm, at or "in front of" (ante) the elbow (cubitus)
Arrhythmia Irregularity in the force or rhythm of the heartbeat
Blood pressure (BP) Pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels
Brachial Relating to the arm (brachium), as in brachial artery
Carotid Relating to either of the two major arteries on each side of the neck that carry blood to the head
Depth In respiration, the amount of air in a breath
Diastolic Normal rhythmic relaxation and dilation of the heart chambers
Electrocardiogram Instrument used in the detection and diagnosis of heart abnormalities, it generates a record of the electrical currents associated with heart muscle activity
Korotkoff sounds Specific sounds heard when one is taking a blood pressure
Metabolism Physical and chemical processes that occur within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life
Oximetry Measurement of oxygen concentration in the blood
Palpate To examine or explore by touching
Pulse Rhythmic throbbing of the arteries produced by regular contractions of the heart
Radial Relating to the radius (bone) or forearm (antebrachium), as in radial artery
Rate A quantity measured, as in breaths or heartbeats
Respiration Act or process of inhaling and exhaling; breathing
Rhythm A sequence or pattern, such as the heartbeat or breathing
Sphygmomanometer Instrument for measuring blood pressure in the arteries
Stethoscope Insrument used for listening to sounds produced within the body
Systolic Rhythmic contraction of the heart, especially of the ventricles
Temperature Degree of hotness or coldness of a body or an environment
Thermometer Instrument for measuring temperature
Tympanic Relating to or resembling a drum, as in the tympanic membrane, or ear drum
Volume Quantity or amount, as in force of a heartbeat
Created by: KalynBaimakovich