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Chapter 57

Pediatric Dentistry

Anology Comparison of similarites between things that are otherwise not alike
Athetosis Type of involuntary movement of the body, face, and extremities
Autonomy Childhood process of becoming independent
Avulsed Torn away or dislodged by force
Cerebral palsy Neural disorder of motor function caused by brain damage
Chronologic age Acutal age (months, years) of pediatric patients
Contour To shape or conform an object
Crossbite Condition that occurs when a tooth is not properly aligned with its opposing tooth
Down syndrome Chromosomal defect that results in abnormal physical characteristics and mental impairment, also called trisomy 21
Emotional age Measure of the level of emotional maturity of pediatric patients
Extrusion Displacemnt of a tooth from its socket as a result of injury
Festooning Procedure to trim or shape a denture to stimulate normal tissure appearences
Frankl scale Scale designed to evaluate patient behavior
Intrusion Deisplacement of a tooth
Luxation Dislocation
Mental age Measure of the level of intellectual capacity and development of pediatric patients
Mental retardation Disorder in which an individuals intelligence is underdeveloped
Neural Reffering to the brain, nervous system, and nerve pathways
Open bay Concept of open design used in pediatric dental practices
Papoose board Type of restraining device that holds a pediatric patient's hands, arms, and legs still
Pediatric dentistry Dental specialty concerned with neonatal through adolescent patients, as well as patients with special needs in these age groups
Postnatal After birth
Prenatal Before birth
Pulpotomy Removal of the coronal portion of a vital pulp from a tooth
Spasticity Exaggerated movement of the arms and legs
T-band Type of matrix band used for primary teeth
Created by: KalynBaimakovich