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EMT-base

Medical History + Physical Exam (Ch # 10)

QuestionAnswer
Deformities Abnormal shape to a body part, often from a broken bone
Contusions Bruising or bleeding under the skin
Abrasions Scrapes to the skin that rub off the top layers of the skin
Penetrations Open wounds, gunshot or stablike wounds to the skin
Burns Burning or blistering of the skin from heat, electrical current, or chemical exposure
Movement of a flail chest in which the chest wall moves in on inspiration and out on expiration Paradoxical Movement
Lacerations Cuts or open wounds into the skin
Sweelling increase in size as a result of bleeding or fluids under or into the skin
Rapid Trauma Assessment A rapid, orderly, head to toe assessment of a trauma patient. Provide RTA to the pt. with significant mechanism of injury, Altered level of consciousness, head/chest/abdomin traumas, unstable respiratory/pulse rates, shock.
Aspects of RTA Rapid Trauma Assessment includes: inspection, palpation, auscultation
An assessment technique that involves listening to sounds inside the body with a steethoscope Auscultation
A mnemonic assessment tool used to determine a person's mental status AVPU. A-alert/orinted, V-verbal, P-painful, U-unresponsive. AVPU - is a mnemonic assessment tool used to determine a person's mental status.
Crepitus A crunching or grating sound heard when broken bone ends rub together
A mnemonic used to identify injury to the body. DCAPBTLS. D-deformities, C-contusions, A-abrasions, P-penetrations, B-burns, T-tenderness, L-lacerations, S-swelling
Distal pulses Pulses taken at a point farther from the midline of the body, such as the pedal or radial pulse
Focused history Information obtained from a patient regarding the person's medical history
An assessment technique that involves looking for injuries or problems Inspection
Enlargement of the jugular veins on the sides of the neck Jugular vein distention (JVD)
Palpation An assessment technique that involves feeling for injuries during the patient assessment
Unequal movement of the chest wall may indicate rib fractures and may make breathing difficult for the patient Paradoxical Movement
The ability to feel Sensation
Tenderness Complaints of pain caused by an injury. Tenderness cannot be seen, it is indicated by the patient
GCS Glasgow Coma Scale- used for assess mental status. It includes AVPU (alert, verbal, painful, unresponsive)
Subcutaneous Emphysema It is Crepitus or crackling feeling under the skin caused by air leakage
Guarding Tensing of the muscles or other body parts to protect an area. Also, indicate of internal damage.
Assess of respirations includes Rate, Quality, Pattern
Assess of pulse includes Rate, Quality, rthythm
SAMPLE history includes SAMPLE. S-signs and symptoms, A-allergies, M-medications, P-past medical history, L-last oral intake, E-events preceding
Difference between GCS and Vital Signs GCS - documentation of the GCS score helps determine the patient's neurologic status and continued progress. Vital Signs - only determine the patient's response
Pneumatic Antishock Garment (PASG) A patient who has palvic fractures and symptoms of shock
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It makes breathing more difficult for the patient.
Focused Trauma Assessment FTA - using when a patient has an isolated injury without signs or symptoms of it, or alter in mental status, or mechanism of injury
Created by: 100000586490372