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Comprehensive DHYG I

Comprehensive DHYG review for National Board

An autoimmune disease of the central nervous systems multiple sclerosis
A congenital disorder of the blood clotting mechanism. Von Willerbrand disease
An inherited disorder of the exocrine glands Cystic fibrosis
A dysfunctions of the heart rate and rhythm that manifest themselves as heart palpitations. Cardiac arrhythmias
Symptoms of this disease include polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, polyphagia, blurred vision, and increased susceptibility to infections. diabetes mellitus
A term used to describe pulmonary disorders that obstruct airflow. Two of the most common diseases are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms include chronic cough, and difficulty in breathing upon exertion. COPD
The symptoms of this condition include lightheadedness, giddiness, anxiety, confusion, dizziness, overbreathing, palpitations, and deep respirations. hyperventilation
Radiolucent scalloping around the root of a tooth commonly describes what radiographic observation. Traumatic bone cysts
An oval or elliptical shaped radiolucency in the posterior mandible, inferior to the mandibular canal and not involving teeth. Stafne bone cysts
A radiolucent, diffuse, and often cyst that is destructive of surrounding structures. Odontogenic keratocysts
Develops in place of a third molar or distal to a third molar Primordial cysts
Most commonly found in the mandibular third molar region. Ameloblastoma
A cyst that is most commonly associated with a carious tooth. radicular cyst
Cyst most likely associated with an unerupted tooth, especially an impacted 3rd molar. Also called a follicular cyst. Dentigerous cysts
A localized mass of chronically inflamed granulation tissue that forms at the opening of the pulp canal. Periaplical granuloma
Results with the union of two normally separated adjacent tooth germs. Fusion
A developmental anomaly that occurs when a single tooth germ attempts to divide and results in the incomplete formation of two teeth. Germination
When two adjacent teeth are united by cementum. Concrescene
Abnormal curvature or angle in the root of a tooth. Dilaceration
A change in bone near the apices of teeth that is thought to be a reaction to low-grade infection. A radiopaque area is seen extending below the roots of the involved tooth. The tooth most commonly associated is the mandibular first molar. Condensing osteitis
Seen in the anterior mandible region with osteolytic and cementoblastic lesions and is also known as cemento-osseous dysplasia. The age, gender and race (black women in their 30s) and the fact that the teeth involved are vital aids in this diagnosis. Cementoma
An autosomal dominant inheritance pattern whose basic defect is produced by mutation affecting the genes that encode for type I collagen, resulting in abnormally formed bones that fracture easily. Osteogenesis imperfecta
Hypocalcification or white spots on enamel are most likely the result of what during tooth development. a high fever
Which Ig is most numerous and acts to neutralize bacterial toxin by enhancing phagocytosis? IgG
Which Ig is produced first and activates complement, but it is not the most numerous. IgM
Which Ig responds to allergic reactions IgE
Which Ig triggers B-cell response and is not the most numerous. IgD
Which Ig is found in exocrine secretions (tears, saliva) IgA
An example of artificially acquired active immunity. Vaccination when injected with inactivated bacterial toxins
An example of artificially acquired passive immunity. injection with antibodies that have been produced in another host.
a microscopic change in which cells of one type are transformed or replaced by cells of another type that normally would not be in that area is called? Metaplasia
Which reading readings reflect ventricular relaxation and lowest pressure. Diastolic
Which reading reflects ventricular contraction when the blood from the heart is forced out of the aorta.? Systolic
G V Black's Class I Pits and Fissures
GV Black's Class II Posterior proximals
GV Blacks Class III Anterior proximals
GV Blacks Class IV Anterior proximals incisal edges
GV Blacks Class V Cervical 1/3 buccal or lingual
GV Black's Class VI Incisal edge or cusp of teeth
How are ghost images displayed radiographically on a pano? reversed and appear on the same side as the original structure
Increase or decrease the vertical angulation or a periapical for a patient with a low palatal vault? Increase
Which antibiotic is 1st and 2nd choice for NUG? 1st Pen VK or Amoxicillin, 2nd Metronidazole
1st and 2nd drug choice for Localized Juvenile Perio 1st Doxycycline or Tetra 2nd Amoxicillin + metronidazole
1st and 2nd drug choice for RAP 1st Doxycycline, tetra, & Metronizadole 2nd Amoxicillin + metronidazole
What is the drug of choice for prohylaxis for Infective Endocartitis Penicillin
What is the drug of choice for prohylaxis for Infective Endocartitis if the patient is allergic to penicillin? Clindamycin
Created by: aheflin