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Key Terms Chpt. 51


Increase in blood alkalinity, loss of corbon dioxide from the blood. Alkalosis
Weakness, numbness or paralysis on one side of the body. Hemiplegia
A person who connot respond to any sensory stimulation. Unconscious
Caused by severe hypoglycemia and results in tremors, sweating and nervousness. Insulin shock
Pain in the chest that may radiate into the jaw, neck or arm. Angina pectoris
Lasts 2-5 mins, person becomes unconscious and body jerks. Convulsion
Poorly defined, single swollen areas. Angioedema
Hardening of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis
Small branches of bronchiole tubes that divide into alveolar sacs. Bronchioles
Blood clot that blocks normal flow of blood to brain. Cerebral embolism.
Rupture of a blood vessel. Cerebral hemorrhage
When blood supply to the brain is interupted. Cerebral infarction
Weakening of the heart. When the heart is not able to pump the blood throughout the body. Congestive heart failure
Insufficient insulin production in the pancreas leading to high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes mellitus
Patient goes into a coma and dies if not treated. Caused from extreme case of hyperglycemia. Diabetic acidosis
Excessive amounts of fluid in body tissue, swelling. Edema
A recurrent disorder of cerebral function, due to excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy
Redness or inflammation of the skin. Erythema
Lasts 2-5 minutes, person is unconscious, body jerks, stiffens, jerks and twitches. Grand mal seizure
Too much glucose in the blood. Hyperglycemia
Abnormally rapid and deep breathing resulting in decreased carbon dioxide levels. Hyperventilation
Too little glucose or sugar may cause change in personality, may feel hungry. Hypoglycemia
Heart attack - when coronary arteries are blocked or severly narrowed. Myocardial Infarction
A temporary interruption in the supply of blood to the brain symptoms include weakness, dizziness and loss of balance. Transient ischemic attacks
When teeth are forced into the alveolous. Traumatic intrusion
Patients legs are slightly higher than head. Trendelenburg position
Clutching the throat with the hands. Universal distress signal
Condition characterized by a patient who remains conscious during seizure, recalling details of the event. Jacksonian epilepsy
Also known as postural hypotension- When an individual looses consciousness or level of conscionsness, when he or she sits upward rapidly. Orthostatic hypotension
Hives. Uticaria
Created by: mgarrett