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medicalFx

QuestionAnswer
closed a bone is broken,but the skin is not broken
open a fragment of the fractured bone breaks the skin, or when a wound extends to the site of the fracture
displaced the fractured bone parts are out of alignment
complete a bone is broken into at least two fragments
incomplete the fracture does not extend completely across the bone: can be hairline
comminuted the bone breaks into several pieces, usually two major pieces and several smaller pieces
transverse the fracture is at right angles to the long axis of the bone
impacted a fracture in which one bone fragment is driven into the other, with resulting shortening of a limb
spiral fracture spirals round the long axis of the bone
oblique diagonal fracture across the long axis of the bone
linear fracture runs parallel to the long axis of the bone
greenstick partial fracture; one side breaks and the other side bends
pathologic fracture occurs in an area of bone weakened by disease {such as cancer}
compression fracture occurs in a vertebra from trauma or pathology leading to the vertebra being crushed
Created by: jennifer werly