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Phys Cond Terms

Physical Conditioning Key Terms

QuestionAnswer
The process of preparing the body for optimized performance. Conditioning
The shape of a muscle in its resting state. Muscle Tone
The girth or size of a muscle. Muscle Mass
The ability to apply force with speed. Power
The application of greater than normal stress to a muscle, resulting in increased capacity to do work. Overload Principle
A group of repetitions. Set
The alteration or modification of exercises to work an entire muscle or group of muscles and to combat boredom. Variation Principle
The way in which an exercise relates to the activity for which performance enhancement is sought. Specificity Principle
Gently forcing the muscle to lengthen. Stretching
Counterforce. Resistance
The lengthening of a muscle during contraction. Eccentric Contraction
The shortening of a muscle during contraction. Concentric Contraction
A muscle contraction with no motion that results in no change in the length of the muscle. Isometric Contraction
A muscle contraction produced by a constant external resistance. Isotonic Contraction
The ability to sense the location, position, orientation, and movement of the body and its parts. Proprioception
A muscle contraction produced by a variable external resistance at a constant speed. Isokinetic Contraction
A resistance exercise that varies through the range of motion. Variable Resistance
The desired level of fitness. Target Zone
The degree of effort required to complete a physical activity. Intensity
The length of time an activity is performed. Duration
Individuals with special physical capabilities or limitations that make adjustments necessary to a standard fitness program. Special Populations
The equipment and exercises used in an exercise program. Mode
The number of times an activity is performed within a specific time frame. Frequency
The lower and upper limits of the rate in which the heart should beat to achieve significant cardiovascular benefits; used to assess intensity of exercise. Target Heart Rate Range
Created by: rusha