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MM review of lipids, carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids

What is the function of a carbohydrate? To store long-term energy and give structure to plants
What is the function of a lipid? To store long-term energy, make up cell membranes, provide waterproofing
What is the function of nucleic acids, like DNA? Nucleic acids store and transmit genetic information.
Name at least 3 functions of proteins. Act as catalysts (enzymes), transport materials, send and receive signals, protect the body.
What is the basic unit of all macromolecules? Monomers.
When you put many monomers together, you get a... Polymer.
What is the monomer of a carbohydrate? The monomer of a carbohydrate is a monosaccharide.
What are the two parts that make up a lipid? The glycerol backbone and the 3 fatty acid tails.
If a fatty acid tail is straight, is that saturated or unsaturated? Saturated
If the fatty acid tail is kinked, is that saturated or unsaturated? Unsaturated.
What is the lipid that makes up the cell membrane called? A phospholipid.
What is the monomer of a protein? An amino acid.
What are the three parts of a nucleotide? A phosphate group, sugar, and base
What is the polymer of a protein? A chain of amino acids called a polypeptide
What is the polymer of a carbohydrate? A polysaccahride
What is the monomer of a nucleic acid? A nucleotide.
Cellulose, which makes up plant cell walls, is which kind of macromolecule? A carbohydrate
Enzymes, such as catalase, are what kind of macromolecule? Proteins
What holds together amino acid chains? Polypeptide bonds
Created by: jdesrochers