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Molecular Biology

8.L.5.1 & 8.L.5.2

TermDefinition
Aerobic respiration the process of making cell energy involving oxygen
Anaerobic respiration the process of making cell energy without oxygen
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is the molecule that carries energy to the place where the energy is needed in the body.
BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) the amount of energy required to maintain minimum essential life functions
C6H12O6 glucose
Carbohydrate an energy
Carbon Dioxide + Water + Sunlight YIELDS (will make) Glucose + Oxygen cell respiration word equation
Photosynthesis Word Equation photosynthesis word equation
Cellular Respiration the chemical reaction in your cells that breaks down simple food molecules releasing energy in the body
Chlorophyll a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria to carry out photosynthesis
Chloroplasts organelles that capture the energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy in a process called photosynthesis
CO2 carbon dioxide
Digestion the process that breaks down complex molecules of food into smaller molecules so the body can use them.
During cell respiration, energy is released in the form of ATP for the body to use
During fermentation, cells release energy from food without using oxygen in the cytoplasm
During photosynthesis, energy is absorbed by chloroplasts to start photosynthesis
Eukaryote A cell that contains a nucleus and certain organelles
Fermentation process by which cells release energy without oxygen
Fermentation occurs in the... cytoplasm of a cell
Glucose the "food" for your cells; a simple sugar used in the chemical reaction of cell respiration
Glucose + Oxygen YIELDS (will make) Carbon Dioxide + Water + ATP cell respiration word equation
H20 water
Lipid the nutrient that is an energy-rich organic compound, (fat, oil, or wax)
Metabolism the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
Mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of most ATP (energy) production
Photosynthesis the process by which plants and some other organisms capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make food.
Products of Cell Respiration carbon dioxide, water, energy (ATP)/heat
Products of Photosynthesis glucose and oxygen gas
Prokaryotes cells that do not contain nuclei
Protein the nutrient required for the structure, function, repair, and regulation of the body's cells, tissues, and organs.
Reactants of Cell Respiration glucose and oxygen
Reactants of Photosynthesis carbon dioxide & water in the presence of sunlight
The MAIN organelle where cellular respiration take place mitochondria
Product the materials that are made in a chemical reaction
Reactants the starting materials used in the chemical reaction
Created by: jhandy8
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