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microbial growth agents

Common halogen disinfectant & effectiveness? Bleach & only fair against endospores
Iodine is what kind of agent & its effectiveness? oxidizing agent & poor against endospores & targets bacterial proteins
Tincture of iodine likely to irritate skin, prone to staining & used in emergencies for water
Iodophors less irritating, not much staining & used to prepare skin for surgery (antiseptic)
What is Phenol & its effectiveness? carbolic acid & poor against endospores & targets bacterial proteins and bacterial membranes
Phenolics? targets bacterial proteins and membranes, poor against endospores
bisphenols? 2 phenolic groups & targets bacterial membranes & poor against endospores and mycobacteria
Bisguanides? targets bacterial membranes & not effective against endospores
common bisguanide? chlorhexidine
Alcohols? targets bacterial proteins and bacterial membranes & ineffective against endospores
Heavy metals have what and target what & effectiveness? oligodynamic action meaning it has minute quantities & targets bacterial proteins & isn't effective against endospores
What are Surfactants & what do they target? surface active agents like soaps and detergents & target bacterial membranes
Common cationic detergents & effectiveness? quaternary & ammonium compounds (quats) & ineffective against endospores
Aldehydes & effectiveness? EFFECTIVE against endospores & targets proteins and nucleic acids
Glutaraldehyde more effective, less irritating compared to formaldehyde
peroxygens targets bacterial proteins & strong oxidizing agent
hydrogen peroxide exception as sterilant? yes at high concentration can be sporicidal
Ethylene oxide & effectiveness? targets proteins and nucleic acids & effective against microbes and endospores
Created by: cindysaldivar
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