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Ecology

QuestionAnswer
Symbiosis
Pollution The harmful human addition to the environment by humans
Pollutant
Pollutant A substance that causes harm to the environment
Competition Struggle between organisms for the same limited resources
Content competition An active physical confrontation between 2 organisms in which only one wins the resource
Scramble confrontation A confrontation in which results in each organism getting some of the resource
Predation The act of killing and eating another animal/organism for food
Predator An animal or organism which kills and eats an animal /prey
Abiotic A non living factor that influences a community
Biosphere Part of earth that supports life
Biotic factor A living factors influence on animals only
Carnivore An animal that feeds on animals only
Climatic factors Factors relating to long term weather conditions, which effects the distribution of organisms in an ecosystem
Conservation The protection and wise management of the environment or organisms
Decomposition The decaying of a dead organism
Denitrifying The conversion of nitrates into atmospheric nitrogen
Ecology The study of living organisms and the interaction between each other and their abiotic environment
Edaphic factor Factor relating to the soil
Food web Interconnected food chains
Grazing food chain Feeding relationship between organisms in which energy is transferred
Habitat Place where a species lives
Herbivore An animal that feeds on plants only
Niche The functional role of an organism in an ecosystem
Nitrification The process of converting ammonia into nitrates
Nitrogen fixing The conversion of nitrogen into nitrates
Omnivore An animal that eats both animals an plants
Parasitism
Parasitism An organism which lives in or on another organism , causing harm to it
Population A group of individuals of the same species
Prey The animals hunted and killed by its predator
Primary consumer An organism which feeds on the primary producer
Producer An organism which makes its own food
Pyramid of numbers The aprox amount of organisms at each trophic level in a food chain
Qualitative A survey which records or estimates the numbers of a species in a particular ecosystem
Secondary consumer An organism which feels on the primary consumer
Tertiary consumer An organism which feeds on the secondary consumer
Trophic level The position of an organism in a food chain
Community A number of different species interacting with each other in an ecosystem
Nutrient recycling The way elements are exchanged between living and non living components of the ecosystem
Waste management Collecting , processing and disposal of waste produced by humans
Predator An animal that hunts and kills for food
Predation The catching and killing and eating of prey by its predator for food
Mutualism Symbiotic relationship where both organism benefit
Commensalism Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the other is not effected
Endoparasite Parasite that feeds inside the host
Ectoparasite Parasite that feeds on the outside of the host
Created by: Hfinn2021
 

 



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