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Stephanie Gonzalez

Anatomy weeks 1-5.

The smallest living units of structure and function in the body are: Cells
Homeostatic control occurs at different levels: within the cell, from cell to cell within a tissue, and throughout the bod
Chemical reaction interaction between two or more atoms that occurs as a result of activity between electrons in their outermost energy leve
Prostaglandins 20-carbon unsaturated fatty acid containing 5-carbon ring
Cytoplasm gel-like internal substance of cells that includes many organ-elles suspended in watery intracellular fluid called cytosol
Rough ER/Smooth ER Two types of endoplasmic reticuluM
Cell structures Plasma membrane/Cytoplasm/Nucleus
Osmosis the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane, which prevents the passage of at least one solute
Simple diffusion Molecules cross through the phospholipid bilayer Solutes permeate the membrane; therefore we call the membrane permeable
Passive transport processes do not require any energy expenditure by the cell
Meiosis I reduction division because the number of chromosomes is reduced by half (from the diploid number to the haploid number).
Principal types of tissue 1. Epithelial tissue 2. Connective tissue 3. Muscle tissue 4. Nervous tissue
Structurally, there are five major types of bones a. Long bones—cylindrical b. Short bones—boxlike c. Flat bones—broad, sheetlike d. Irregular bones—various shapes e. Sesamoid bones—seedlike
Syndesmoses are joints in which fibrous bands (ligaments) connect two bones.
Created by: stephanie_gonza
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