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Ch 14 G.H. Biology

Guest Hollow Biology Chapter 14 vocab

TermDefinition
cilia (singular, cilium) short, hairlike projections, similar to flagella, that allow some cells to move
motility the ability to move
protist kingdom in the domain Eukarya that includes all eukaryotes except plants, animals, and fungi
pseudopod temporary, foot-like extension of the cytoplasm that some cells use for movement or feeding
algae (singular, alga) plant-like protists such as diatoms and seaweeds
amoeboid type of protozoa, such as Amoeba, that moves with pseudopods
ciliate type of protozoa, such as Paramecium, that moves with cilia
flagellate type of protozoa, such as Giardia, that moves with flagella
kelp multicellular seaweed that may grow as large as a tree and occurs in forests found throughout the ocean in temperate and arctic climates
protozoa (singular, protozoan) animal-like protists such as Amoeba and Paramecium
slime mold fungus-like protist commonly found on rotting logs and other decaying organic matter
sporozoa (singular, sporozoan) type of protozoa that cannot move as adults
water mold fungus-like protist commonly found in moist soil and surface water
budding type of asexual reproduction in yeasts in which an offspring cell pinches off from the parent cell
chitin tough carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi and the exoskeletons of insects and other arthropods
fungi (singular, fungus) kingdom in the domain Eukarya that includes molds, mushrooms, and yeasts
hyphae (singular, hypha) thread-like filaments that make up the body of a fungus and consist of one or more cells surrounded by a tubular cell wall
mycelium body of a fungus that consists of a mass of threadlike filaments called hyphae
zygospore diploid spore in fungi that is produced by the fusion of two haploid parent cells
lichen relationship between a fungus and a cyanobacterium or green alga
mycorrhiza mutualistic relationship between a plant and a fungus that grows in or on its roots
athlete’s foot infection of the skin between the toes by the fungus Trichophyton
candidasis infection of the mouth or of the vagina in females that is caused by the yeastCandida
giardiasis disease caused by Giardia protozoa that spreads through contaminated food or water
malaria disease caused by Plasmodium protozoa and transmitted by mosquitoes in tropical and subtropical regions of the world
ringworm skin infection caused by the fungus Trichophyton that causes a characteristic ring-shaped rash
Created by: khirschy
 

 



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