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Ch 4.1-4.2 G.H. Bio

Guest Hollow Biology Chapter 4.1 and 4.2 vocab

autotroph organism that makes its own food
cellular respiration process in which cells break down glucose and make ATP for energy
consumer organism that consumes other organisms for food
energy ability to do work
food organic molecules such as glucose that organisms use for chemical energy
glucose simple carbohydrate with the chemical formula C6H12O6 that is the nearly universal food for life
heterotroph organism that gets food by consuming other organisms
photosynthesis process of using the energy in sunlight to make food (glucose)
producer organism that produces food for itself and other organisms
Calvin cycle second stage of photosynthesis in which carbon atoms from carbon dioxide are combined, using the energy in ATP and NADPH, to make glucose
chemosynthesis process of using the energy in chemical compounds to make food
chlorophyll green pigment in a chloroplast that absorbs sunlight in the light reactions of photosynthesis
electron transport chain series of electron-transport molecules that pass high-energy electrons from molecule to molecule and capture their energy
grana within the chloroplast, consists of sac-like membranes, known as thylakoid membranes
light reactions first stage of photosynthesis in which light energy from the sun is captured and changed into chemical energy that is stored in ATP and NADPH
photosystem group of molecules, including chlorophyll, in the thylakoid membrane of a chloroplast that captures light energy
stroma space outside the thylakoid membranes of a chloroplast where the Calvin cycle of photosynthesis takes place
thylakoid membrane membrane in a chloroplast where the light reactions of photosynthesis occur
Created by: khirschy
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