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Ch 2.1 G.H. Biology

Guest Hollow Biology Chapter 2.1 vocab

amino acid small molecule that is a building block of proteins
carbohydrate organic compound such as sugar or starch
chemical bond force that holds molecules together
chemical reaction process that changes some chemical substances into others
complementary base pair pair of nucleotide bases that bond together—either adenine and thymine (or uracil) or cytosine and guanine
compound substance with a unique, fixed composition that consists of two or more elements
DNA double-stranded nucleic acid that makes up genes and chromosomes
double helix double spiral shape of the DNA molecule
element pure substance that cannot be broken down into other types of substances
lipid organic compound such as fat or oil
matter anything that takes up space and has mass
monosaccharide simple sugar such as glucose that is a building block of carbohydrates
nucleic acid organic compound such as DNA or RNA
nucleotide small molecule containing a sugar, phosphate group, and base that is a building block of nucleic acids
organic compound compound found in living things that contains mainly carbon
polynucleotide chain of nucleotides that alone or with another such chain makes up a nucleic acid
polypeptide chain of amino acids that alone or with other such chains makes up a protein
polysaccharide chain of monosaccharides that makes up a complex carbohydrate such as starch
protein organic compound made up of amino acids
RNA single-stranded nucleic acid that helps make proteins
saturated fatty acid molecule in lipids in which carbon atoms are bonded to as many hydrogen atoms as possible
unsaturated fatty acid molecule in lipids in which some carbon atoms are bonded to other groups of atoms rather than to hydrogen atoms
Created by: khirschy
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