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Spring Quiz 10

Masterbooks Intro to A&P Volume 4

TermDefinition
omentum Latin for "apron"; a double fold of peritoneal membrane
parietal cells found along the walls of the gastric gland, secrete hydrochloric acid
chief cells found in the lower regions of gastric glands, produce pepsinogen
gastrin a hormone that aids in stimulating acid production in the stomach
intrinsic factor a special type of protein made by parietal cells
stomach composed of four main regions; cardia, fundus, body, pyloris
anemia condition in which either the quantity or quality of a person's red blood cells is poor
pernicious anemia a type of anemia associated with a deficiency of vitamin B12
peptic ulcer disease occurs when there is damage to the epithelial lining of either the stomach or duodenum
pancreas an accessory digestive organ that is located behind the stomach
ampulla Latin for "flask"; it is a sac-like enlargement of a tubular structure
Sphincter of Oddi holds back digestive juices pooling in the ampulla of Vater until signaled by the hormone cholecystokinin to relax & open
pancreatic islets produce the hormones that give the pancreas its endocrine functions
amylase enzyme that breaks down starches
lipase enzyme that breaks down lipids (fats)
liver positioned just below the diaphragm on the right side of the abdomen
 



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