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Mammalia and Aves

Class Aves: most unique characteristic feathers
Class Aves: types of feathers contour, down
contour feathers flight, body covering
down feathers insulating
which is a better insulator/ is warmer... feathers or fur/hair feathers are warmer
Class Aves: preening birds applying oil to their feaethers
Class Aves: appendages- pectoral no claws, wing types determine the kind of flight and maneuverability
Class Aves: appendages- pelvic claws, covered in scales, perching mechanism, talons
Class Aves: skelteon/support hollow bones, wings, 4 clawed toes, keel, wishbone
Class Aves: digestion high energy requirements, have a crop, gizzard, intestine, cloaca
Class Aves: respiration air sacs, small inelastic lungs, syrinx
syrinx song box in birds
Class Aves: circulatory 4 chambered heart, very rapid heart-rate, blood circulates from the ventricle to the arteries
Class Aves: excretion kidney's empty into the cloaca, no bladder
Class Aves: responce brain, flight, very good sight and hearing
Class Aves: reproduction courtship, internal fertilization, oviparous, has amniotic egg
Class Aves: altricial chicks shorter incubation period, hatchlings less developed, smaller families (less than 6), nests usually high up (ex: trees). EX: song birds
Class Aves: precocial chicks longer incubation period, hatchlings more developed, larger family (larger than 10), nests usually on the ground. EX: ducks
Class Aves: why do birds migrate food, nesting locations, (warmer temp. involved)
Class Aves: how do birds migrate sun or stars, magnetic fields (these are more instinctive)....... visual landmarks, olfactory senses (these are more learned)
flightless birds characteristics, (general) generally lack a keel
birds of prey characteristics, (general) strong talons, large wings, strong flyers
Example of flightless birds swimmers- penguins, ...... runners-ostriches, emus
Example of birds of prey Nighttime hunters, daytime hunters, carrion feeders
Example of nighttime hunters and charectaristics forward eyes, soft feathers, no carrion, EX: owls
Example of daytime hunters and charectaristics catches food but will eat carrion, EX: falcons, hawks, eagles
Example of Carrion feeders vultures
game birds characteristics, (general) weak flyers (short distances)
Example of game birds ground nesters- quail, turkey, chicken,...... arboreal nesters- pigeons, doves
Example of water birds divers, swimmers, waders, shore birds
Example of divers and charecteristics dive to catch food, EX: pelicans
Example of swimmers and charecteristics short legs, webbed feet, EX: ducks, swans, geese
Example of waders and charecteristics long legs, often un-webbed feet, EX: storks,cranes, flamingos
Example of shore birds and chareecteristics medium legs, strong flyers, EX: gulls, sandpiper
songbirds characteristics, (general) perching birds, many produce beautiful songs
Class Mammalia: most unique charecteristic hair and mammary glands
Class Mammalia: movement legs
Class Mammalia: support solid bones, muscles
Class Mammalia: body covering hair- guard hair, under-hair, (grows from follicle)
Class Mammalia: function of guard hair and under-hair insulator, camouflage, sensation, protection (quills)
Class Mammalia: opportunistic feeder eats whatever it can find
Class Mammalia: teeth- diphyodont 2 sets of teeth
Class Mammalia: teeth- polyphyodont many teeth
Class Mammalia: teeth- homodont all teeth are the same
Class Mammalia: teeth- heterodont have special teeth depending on diet
Class Mammalia: teeth- carnivores enlarged canines
Class Mammalia: teeth- herbivores enlarged inscisors
Class Mammalia: herbivores- ruminants ruman- chamber in the stomach where micro-organisms are. (these are for breaking down cellulose.. EX: cows, deer, giraffes, camels
Class Mammalia: herbivores- nonruminants have a cecum, EX: manatees, horses, pigs, elephants
cecum digestive organ between the small and large intestine. (only in non-ruminant herbivores
Class Mammalia: respiration lungs, diaphragm, larynx
larynx voice box
Class Mammalia: circulation 4 chambered heart,..... right side of the heart- deoxygenated blood....... left side of the heart- oxygenated blood
Class Mammalia: where does the deoxygenated blood go first the veins (right side)
Class Mammalia: where does the veins take the deoxygenated blood the right atrium
Class Mammalia: where does the right atrium take the deoxygenated blood the right ventricle
Class Mammalia: where does the right ventricle take the deoxygentated blood the arteries (right side)
Class Mammalia: where does the arteries (right side) bring the deoxygenated blood the lungs
Class Mammalia: what happens to the deoxygenated blood in the lungs get oxygenated blood
Class Mammalia: where does the blood go to after getting oxygenated in the lungs it goes to the veins (left side)
Class Mammalia: where does the left veins take the oxygenated blood the left atrium
Class Mammalia: where does the left atrium take the left atrium take the oxygenated blood the left ventrical
Class Mammalia: where does the left ventricle take the oxygenated blood the arteries (left side)
Class Mammalia: where does the arteries (left side) bring the oxygenated blood away from the heart and to the rest of the body
Class Mammalia: response brain (very large cerebrum) , sensory organs similar to man
Class Mammalia: excretion kidney's, bladder
Class Mammalia: reproduction internal reproduction, mostly viviparous, has a uterus, placenta, umbilical chord, and mammary glands
monotremes lay eggs, mammary glands but no nipples, no teeth, EX: platypus, echidna,
marsupials nipples in abdominal pouch, lack a true placenta, ovoviviporous, "premature"young, EX: kangaroo, sloth, opposum
rodentia largest order of mammals, two sets of teeth that grow throughout their life, chisel-like incissors
carnivora enlarged canines, largest predators, EX: canines, felines, bears
aquatic mammals- cetacea born in water, bear young in water, EX: dolphins, whales
aquatic mammals- pinnipedia born on land, EX: sea otters, walrus, otter
Sea cows nostrils rather than blowholes, EX: manatees
Primates freely moving limbs, "erect walking" , EX: monkeys, gorilla, chipanzee
Odd-hoffed mammals single toe or 3 toes, EX: horse, zebra, donkey, rhinoseaus
even-toed mammals charecteristics 2 or 4 hooves.
what are the 2 families in the even-toed mammals cow family, deer family
cow family must have horns, grow throughout life, "clean"
deer family have antlers, replaced annually, "unclean"
flying mammals bats
trunked mammals elephants
toothless mammals sloths,
rodent-like mammals hind legs jump, EX: rabbits, hares
insect-eating mammals underground, EX: shrew, mole
ungulate hoofed animals
Created by: nightworks
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