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Janssen Bio Ch 4

Janssen Biology Chapter 4 (photosynthesis)

What molecule do all cells use for energy? ATP
What process uses chemicals to make energy? chemosynthesis
What process uses light to make energy? photosynthesis
What is the molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy? chlorophyll
Where in the cell does cellular respiration take place? mitochondria
What does the word "aerobic" mean? with oxygen
What does the word "anaerobic" mean? without oxygen
What word means "splitting glucose?" glycolysis
What builds up in your muscles and causes cramps? lactic acid
What is a coin shaped, membrane enclosed compartment inside a chloroplast called? thylakoid
What is a stack of thylakoids called? grana
What is a series of proteins in the membranes of the thylakoid that carry electrons? electron transport chain
When electrons are added to NADP+, what is formed? NADPH
What is produced when a phosphate is added to ADP? ATP
What enzyme is responsible for adding a phosphate to ADP? ATP synthase
Which cycle uses CO2 and energy to make simple sugars (glucose)? Calvin Cycle
What is the building block of plant cell walls? cellulose
What cycle produces molecules that carry energy to the second part of cellular respiration? Krebs Cycle
How is energy released from ATP? Removing a phosphate
What is the term for an organism that makes its own source of chemical energy (food)? Producer
What is the function of light-dependent reactions? Capture & transfer energy
Where do the hydrogen ions for the light-dependent reactions come from? water
What is made during light-independent reactions of photosynthesis? sugar
Which process breaks down sugars to make ATP when oxygen is present? cellular respiration
The Krebs Cycle produces ATP and what else? CO2
What is the function of oxygen in cellular respiration? pick up electrons
What is the main function of the Krebs cycle? carry electrons to the electron transport chain
In addition to ATP & NADH, what is the other end product of glycolysis? pyruvate
What kind of process is fermentation? anaerobic
Which end product of alcoholic fermentation is important in the baking industry? CO2
Which of the following molecules found in the food we eat is most commonly broken down to make ATP? carbohydrates
When water molecules enter the thylakoid, what kind of reactions are they going to become part of? light dependent
Where is the electron transport chain located? thylakoid
During which process is either lactic acid or alcohol formed? fermentation
Created by: jjanssen33
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