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tree of life: plants


indeterminate growth plants growing throughout their life
root system anchors the plant and takes in water and nutrients from the soil
shoot system harvest light and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to produce sugars
taproot a large vertical main root of a plant
lateral roots a plant root extending from another, older root
herbaceous plants seed plants that lacks woody tissue
perennial living for many years
phenotype plasticity changeable form
adventitious means they develop from the shoot system instead of the root system
stems vertical aboveground structures
nodes where leaves are attached
leaf an appendage that projects from a stem laterally
axillary buds the nodes where leaves attach to the stem
branch a lateral extension of the shoot system
apical bud the tip of each stem and branch
spines protective structures
stolons modified stems that grow over the soil surface
rhizomes stems that grow horizontally instead of vertically
thorns modified stems that help protect the plant from attacks by large herbivores
blade an expanded portion of a leaf
petiole a stalk of a leaf
transpiration an evaporative process
internodes segments between nodes
tubers underground, swollen ends of rhizomes that function as carbohydrate-storage organs
Created by: 088103