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Domain and Kingdoms

Domain, Vocab, 3 Kingdoms Quiz Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
What is Unicellular? One cell or one called organism
What is Multicellular? An organism made of many cells
What is a Prokaryote? Lacks a nucleus and other membrane bound organisms
What is a Eukaryote? Has a Nucleus and other membrane bound organisms
What is Asexual? Requires one parent, offspring is identical to parent, cell makes a copy of its DNA and splits it in half. This process is called Mitosis
What is Sexual? Requires two parents, offspring has half of its DNA from mom and half of its DNA from Dad
What is Autotroph? An organism that produces its own nutrients (food)
What is Heterotroph? An organism that obtains nutrients (food) by eating other organisms
What is Chemotroph? Obtaining energy by using chemicals
What is Phototroph? Obtaining energy by using light (photosynthesis)
What is Mitosis? A cell making a copy of its DNA and splits it in half
What are the Characteristics of Eubacteria? Chemotroph, Autotroph, Heterotroph, Prokaryote, Asexual, Unicellular, CW made of peptidoglycan
What are the Characteristics of Archaebacteria? Prokaryote, Asexual, Autotroph, Heterotroph, Unicellular, Has a CW with other elements but no peptidoglycan
What are the Characteristics of Fungi? Has a CW with glucans and chitin but no peptidoglycan, heterotroph, unicellular, sexual and asexual
What are the differences between Kingdom Eubacteria and Archaebacteria? Eubacteria uses chemicals to obtain energy which is chemotroph and it has a CW made of peptidoglycan while Archaebacteria has a CW but no peptidoglycan
What is Binomial Nomenclature? The system of scientific naming
What are the steps to write a Scientific Name? Start the first word with a capital letter, the second word will remain lowercase, the 2 words would be underlined if hand-writtened, if on computer italicize the name
What are the Levels of Taxonomy? Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
What is the mnemonic device of the Levels of Taxonomy? Dumb King Philip Came Over From Great Spain
What is the Kingdoms to the Domains? Archae -----------> Archaebacteria Bacteria ------------> Eubacteria Eukarya ----------> Fungi
What is the difference between Mold, Mildew, Mushrooms to Yeast? Mold, Mildew, and Mushrooms are all multicellular while Yeast is unicellular
What is the 6 Kingdoms of Taxonomy? Plants, Animals, Protists, Fungi, Archaebacteria, Eubacteria
What is so unique about Domain Eukarya? All complex organisms are eukaryotic and they reproduce by mitosis and Eukaryotic cells are typically much larger than prokaryotes. Also Domain Eukarya is a eukaryote but kingdom Fungi is a prokaryote.
Created by: Sabrina_thecool