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Med Term CH 2 Body

Med Term A living language by Fremgen and Frucht CH2 Anatomical position

TermDefinition
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left
frontal plane divides the body into front and back portions
transverse plane a crosswise plane that runs parallel to the ground, dividing the body into upper and lower portions
abdominal region abdomen
brachial region upper extremities or arms
cephalic region head
cervical region neck
crural region lower extremities or legs
dorsum back
gluteal region buttocks; back of trunk
pelvic region pelvis front of trunk
pubic region region containing external genitals
throracic region chest
trunk torso
vertebral region spinal column on back side of trunk
dorsal cavities include: cranial and spinal cavity are contained in this
cranial cavity holds the ? brain in held in this cavity
spinal cavity holds the ? spinal cord is held in this cavity
ventral cavities include thoracic and abdominal pelvic cavity or contained in it
thoracic cavity contains the pleural cavity (lungs), pericardial cavity (heart), mediastrinum (heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland, aorta)
pleural cavity holds the lungs are held in this cavity
pericardial cavity holds the heart is held in this cavity
mediastrinum cavity holds the heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland, aorta
abdominopelvic cavities contain the abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity are contained in this cavity
abdominal cavity contains stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and portions of the small intestine and colon are contained in this cavity
pelvic cavity contains urinary bladder, ureters, urethra, portion of the small intestine and colon IN FEMALES: uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina IN MALES: prostrate gland, seminal vesicles, portion of vas deferens
Right upper quadrant contains liver, right kidney, colon, pancreas (small portion), gallbladder, small intestine
left upper quadrant contains liver (small portion) left kidney, spleen, stomach, colon, pancreas (majority) small intestine
right lower quadrant contains colon, small intestine right ureter, appendix, right ovary (female) right fallopian tube (female)
left lower quadrant contains colon, small intestine, left ureter, left ovary (female), left fallopian tube (female)
midline area contains bladder, uterus (female), prostrate (male)
superior above another structure
cephalic move more towards the head
inferior more below another structure
caudal more toward feet or tail
anterior more toward the front
ventral more towards the belly
posterior more towards the back
dorsal more towards the back
medial near the middle
lateral refers to the side
proximal located near
distal away from
apex tip or summit of an organ
base bottom or lower part of organ
superficial more towards the surface of the body
deep further away from the surface of the body
supine body is lying horizontally facing upward
prone body is lying horizontally facing down