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Biology Cells Test

Microscope and Cell Parts

TermDefinition
Cell Membrane Controls the movement into and out of the cell
Cytoplasm Watery material which contains many of the materials involved in cell metabolism
Endoplasmic Recticulum Serves as a pathway for the transport of materials throughout the cell; also associated with synthesis and storage
Nucleus serves as the control center for cell metabolism and reproduction
Ribosomes sites of protein synthesis
Lysosomes Involved in the digestion of food within the cell
Mitochondria The "powerhouse" of the cell
Golgi Apparatus Packages and secretes the products of the cell
Centrioles Involved in cell division in animal cells
Vacuole Fluid filled organelles enclosed by a membrane; contains stored food or wastes
Nucleolus site of the production of ribosomes
Nuclear Membrane Controls movement into and out of the nucleus
Cell Wall Gives the cell its shape and provides protection; not found in animal cells
Cilia Hairlike structures with the capacity for movement
Flagella a long, hairlike structure used for movement
Chloroplast site for photosynthesis
Chromosomes Rod-shaped bodies that carry genetic information
Nuclear Membrane Holds nucleus together
Endoplasmic Reticulum Surface for chemical activity
Genes units of heredity
Lysosome digestion center
Ribosomes where proteins are made
Centrioles structures involved in mitosis in animal cells only
Microtubule microscopic cylinders that support and give the cell shape
Cell Wall Shapes and supports a plant cell
Golgi Bodies stores and releases chemicals
Chloroplasts food for plant cells is made here
Nucleolus Spherical body within nucleus
Cell (Plasma) Membrane controls entry into and out of the cell
Chlorophyll Traps light and is used to produce food for plants
Nucleus Chromosomes are found here
Cytoplasm jellylike substance within the cell
Chromosomes Contains code which guides all cell activity
Nuclear Pore minute hole in nuclear membrane
Vacuole Contains water and dissolved minerals
Plastid Stores food or contains pigment
Organelles Small, Specialized structure usually surrounded by a membrane; each organelle has a specific function in the cell
Pro= =Before
Eu= =Good
Karyon= =Kernel or nucleus
Created by: smb201067549