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TEAS -Science

Cells and Organelles, Tissue, Organs, Organ System & Anatomical Terms

QuestionAnswer
Three Main parts of every cell in the body Plasma membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus
Additional structures of a cell that carry out metabolic life functions (cellular functions) Organelles
What is the plasma membrane made of? Phospholipid bi-layer embedded with proteins
The embedded protein channels are specific for individual molecules and act as gatekeepers allowing only certain molecules in and out, making the membrane Selectively permeable
What is the most prominent organelle in the cell and is spherical in appearance? It is protected by a double membrane and contains genetic material in the form of the nucleic acid DNA. Nucleus
When new cells are needed for growth or repair of tissues, the "BLANK" is replicated in its entirety and the cell enters into the process of cell division or mitosis. DNA
The "BLANK" is continuous with the outer membrane of the nucleus. It is composed of parallel, flattened sacs covered with ribosomes. Rough endoplasmic reticulum
The "BLANK" are the site of the synthesis of the protein that is encoded by the DNA in the nucleus. Ribosomes
The "BLANK" has no ribosomes and functions as the site of lipid production and storage. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Once proteins are made on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, they are packaged in parts of the membrane into vesicles and transported to the "BLANK" Golgi complex.
The "BLANK" is also responsible for packaging digestive enzymes within vesicles. These vesicles of powerful digestive enzymes are known as "BLANK" and are necessary for cellular metabolism. Golgi, lysosomes
The "BLANK" , an organelle often referred to as the power house of the cell, changes food energy into usable cellular energy, via the process known as cellular respiration. The mitochondria
The usable cell energy is "BLANK" Adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Groups of similar cells that work together to perform a singular function are classified "BLANK" as tissues.
The four basic types of tissues are: Epithelial, Connective, Muscle and Nervous
What is the tissue covers body surfaces, lines body cavities, and serves as a protective barrier. Epithelial
What is the tissue that connects other tissues to each other and serves to bind and support body parts. Connective
What is the tissue that moves the body and its contents by contraction Muscle
What is the tissue that receives stimuli from the internal or external environment and communicates through electrical impulses with the rest of the body. Nervous
"BLANK" is a group of cells with similar structure that function together as a unit, but at a lower level than organs. Tissues
"BLANK" consist of two or more different tissues and have a specific shape and function. Organs
Related organs with a common multifaceted function make up an "BLANK" Organ system.
Our organ systems work together in a harmonized fashion to maintain "BLANK" in the human organism. Homeostasis
Standard positioning of the body as standing: feet together, arms to the side, with head, eyes and palms of hands forward. Anatomical position
The basic structural unit of an organism from which living things are created Cells
Processes that include growth, metabolism, replication, protein synthesis, and movements. Cellular functions
Words used to explain relationships of locations of anatomical elements (distal, posterior, medial) Directional terminology
Functional groups of organs that work together within the body: circulatory, integumentary, skeletal, reproductive, digestive, urinary, respiratory, endocrine, lymphatic, muscular, nervous. Organ system
Planes dividing the body to describe locations: sagittal, coronal, and transverse. Reference planes
"BLANK" is toward the head superior
"BLANK" is toward the feet inferior
"BLANK" is away from the midline of the body; Lateral
"BLANK" is toward the midline of the body medial
"BLANK" is toward the surface of the body; Superficial
"BLANK" is toward the interior of the body. Deep
"BLANK" is toward the front of the body; Anterior
"BLANK" is toward the back of the body. Posterior
"BLANK" planes separate the body structures into right and left divisions Sagittal
"BLANK" into anterior and posterior divisions frontal
"BLANK" into superior and inferior divisions. Transverse
Created by: bonitasoul