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Amplify Life Science

allele specific version of a gene that gives instructions for making a protein molecule
chromosome An "x shape" made of genes and DNA
DNA A molecule that genes and chromosomes are made of
feature a characteristic that all members of a species have (eye color, hair color, etc)
fertilization When sperm and egg cells combine to create an offspring
function how something works
gene A section of DNA that gives directions for making a protein molecule
gene version Another word for allele. A specific gene for an individual
heterozygous when two alleles are different (Hh, Bb, rR)
homozygous when two alleles are the same (HH, hh, TT, tt)
trait a specific characteristic of an individual organism
variation any difference in traits between an individual organism
structure the way something is shaped or constructed
protein molecule a type of large molecule that performs important functions inside organisms
offspring an organism produced as a result of reproduction
mutation a random change to a gene that sometimes results in a new trait
inherit to receive genes from a parent
sexual reproduction the process in which two parents pass on their genes to create offspring
nucleus the part of the cell where the genes are found
Created by: ddifranks
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