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DNA/RNA

DNA Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
This molecule transfers amino acids to the ribosomes? tRNA
What are DNA and RNA made up of? nucleotides
The sugar that is used in RNA? ribose sugar
What molecule carries the DNA from the nucleus through the cytoplasm to the ribosome? mRNA (messenger)
What is the process that takes place in the nucleus and makes mRNA? Transcription
tRNA carries these to the ribosome? amino acids
Where does transcription take place? nucleus
This molecule is found on ribosomes and helps make proteins? rRNA
What molecule is single-stranded and has the base uracil? RNA
Process of making a protein and includes transcription and translation? Protein Synthesis
The base that is in RNA and not in DNA? uracil
This process takes place at the ribosome and its the final step of protein synthesis? translation