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Instructional Tool 6

social dominance is the L2 group politically, culturally, technically, or economically superior, inferior, or equal to the target language group
integration pattern whether the L2 group gives up their own lifestyle and values in favor of the TL
enclosure the extent to which the L2 group shares the same social facilities (low enclosure) or has different social facilities (high enclosure)
cohesiveness the extent to which the L2 group is characterized by intra-group contacts or inter-group contacts
size whether the L2 group is a large or small group
cultural congruence whether the culture of the L2 group is similar or different from the TL group
attitude whether the L2 group and TL group may hold positive or negative attitudes towards each other
intended length of residence whether the the L2 group intends to stay for a long period of time or a short time
Sociocultural SLA the interweaving of cognitive processing and social interaction to acquire a second language
mediation the process through which humans deploy culturally constructed artifacts, concepts, and activities to regulate the material world or their own and each other's social and mental activity
private speech audible speech not adapted to an addressee
Zone of Proximal Development the level of potential development; ZPD is a step up from the learner's present level, but the material given is not too hard for the learner to do
Collaborative dialogue dialogue where speakers are engaged in problem solving and knowledge building
languaging attention to linguistic form when a problem arrises
sociocognitive approach theory that acknowledges that there is both a social and a cognitive dimension to all forms of language
conversation-analytic approach emphasizes the importance of leaning as a process (something that happens in social interaction)
short-term development if change occurs within a single interaction or within subsequent interactions that occur shortly afterwards
long-term development leaning that takes place over an extended period (many lessons, a semester, a nine weeks, a year)
social identity approach based off the idea that our social identity is a ever changing state that is influenced by our interactions with different people in different context
social identity the relationship between the individual and the larger social world
transitional identity the change language learners go through where they begin to adapt the new language's identity in some form
language socialization the practice where novices in the community are socialized both into the forms of a language, the values, behaviors, and practices of a community
Created by: 3485553578122230



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