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The Big "4"

TermDefinition
Provides quick energy carbohydrates
made up of amino acids proteins
Made up of nucleotides nucleic acids
Carbohydrates are made up of monosaccharides
Fats, oils and waxes are examples of lipids
The protein that controls our blood sugar insulin
Provides structure and repairs tissues proteins
Two examples of nucleic acids DNA and RNA
Lipids provide energy storage
enzyme a protein that speeds up chemical reactions
active site the part on the enzyme where the substrate fits in
substrate The substance that is being broken down or put together by an Enzyme.
catalyst Any compound that speeds up a chemical reaction.
denature When an Enzyme gets too hot and it changes shape.
ph and temperature what are two factors that can denature an enzyme