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BC-Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules

What are the 2 types of nucleic acids? RNA and DNA
What makes up the primary structure of proteins? Amino Acid Sequence
The portion of a phospholipid that is polar and hydrophyllic. Glycerol Head
What are the triglyceride molecules that are liquid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon double bonds in the fatty acid tails which create kinks in the tails? Unsaturated
Saccharides, the proper name for sugars, are named by chemists and given what ending? -ose
Name 2 types of secondary strucures in proteins. Beta Pleated Sheet and the Alpha Helix
Which group of lipids has ring structures instead of fatty acid tails? steroids
The building blocks of proteins are _____. Amino Acids
An example of an unsaturated fat. salad oil
An example of a saturated fat. butter
What does RNA stand for? Ribonucleic Acid
The portion of the phospholipid that is non-polar and hydrophobic. Fatty Acid Tails
What does DNA stand for? Deoxyribonucleic acid
Name the 3 parts of an amino acid. Carboxyl group, amino group and a side "R" chain.
The building blocks of polysaccharides. monosaccharides
What makes the different amino acids unique? Side "R" chains
Name the covalent bond which holds the amino acids together in proteins. Peptide Bonds
Name a polysaccharide which is indigestible by humans; also known as "fiber"; the cell wall component of plants. cellulose
What are the 4 classes of organic molecules? carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
What are the building blocks of nucleic acids? Nucleotides
Name one example of a monosaccharide. glucose
Dissarcharides are named with the "di" prefix because of the number of subunits of sugars. How many would there be? Two
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide? Phosphate, Sugar & Base
What are the triglyceride molecules that are solid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon single bonds in the fatty acid tails? Saturated
Name one example of a polysaccharide which is a storage form of glucose in animals. glycogen
Long molecules which consist of numerous subunits which are very similar are: Polymers
The building blocks that are the subunits of polymers are known as: Monomers
Biosynthetic reactions which combine monomers and release water are what type of reaction? Dehydration Synthesis
Degradative reactions that use up water to break bonds holding monomers together are: Hydrolytic Reactions
This is the formula for glucose. C6H12O6 (numbers are subscripts)
This is a storage form of glucose in plants. Starch
A structural polysaccharide found in the exoskeletons of arthropods and cell walls of fungi. Chitin
Fats are properly termed: Glycerides
This lipid is considered a type of: Steroid
Which level of protein structure occurs due to the interactions among the R side chains of the amino acids? Tertiary
Which level of protein structure occurs when there are repeating subunits? Quaternary
This type of protein has a quaternary structure with 4 polypeptides, two alpha and two beta subunits. Hemoglobin
This inherited blood disorder results from a single amino acid change in the hemoglobin protein. Sickle Cell Disease
Changing the shape of a protein through environmental conditions such as high temperature or a change in pH is known as: Denaturation
______ are regions of DNA which code for the amino acid sequence of proteins. Genes
Sugar found in DNA is: Deoxyribose
Sugar found in RNA is: Ribose
What are the two groups of nitrogenous bases found in DNA and RNA? Pyrimidines and Purines
The bases found in nucleic acids which are single ringed: Pyrimidines
The bases found in nucleic acids which are double ringed: Purines
Adenine and Guanine are in which class of nucleic acids? Purines
Cytosine, Thymine and Uracil are in which class of nucleic acids? Pyrimidines
In DNA and RNA, the Sugar and the Base combined are known as: Nucleosides
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