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Chapter 14

Mendel & the Gene Idea BSC1010

QuestionAnswer
Using the letter e, what would be the genotype for heterozygous? Ee
The term for two genes on homologous chromosomes. Gene Pair
The term for the physical manifestation of the genes, or the appearance of the organism. Phenotype
Consider that round seeds (R) are dominant to wrinkled seeds (r); also, that tall (T) plants are dominant over short plants (t). Cross RRTT x rrtt and determine the phenotypic ratio of the offspring. 100% Round and Tall
Using the letter e, what would be the genotype for homozygous dominant? EE
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t....what is the phenotype for the homozygous dominant genotype? Tall
Suppose you observe the dominant phenotype in an organism, what two possible genotypes could code for this apperance? Homozygous dominant and heterozygous
The location of a gene on a chromosome is called: Locus
Alternative forms of the same gene. Alleles
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t... what would be the genotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: homozygous dominant with homozygous recessive? 100% Tt
The results of a test cross reveal that all the offspring are tall. What was the genotype of the unknown parent? (Assume dominant is tall, recessive is short.) TT
What are the abbreviations for parental generation, then the offspring and then their offspring? P, F1, F2
When an allele is able to mask or hide the effect of a second allele. Dominance
When an allele can be hidden or masked by a second allele, it is said to be _______. Recessive
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t... what would be the phenotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: heterozygous with heterozygous? 75% Tall, 25% short
Dihybrid crosses involve the crossing of ______ (how many traits)? Two
Sickle cell anemia is an example of this effect wherein one gene is responsible for a multitude of symptoms in an illness. Pleiotrophy
A unit of hereditary material in the DNA, producing a certain trait in an individual. Gene
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t... what would be the genotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: heterozygous with heterozygous? 25%TT, 25% tt, 50% Tt
Consider that blue flowers are dominant and represented by B, and pink flowers are recessive and represented by b..... what would be the phenotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: homozygous recessive with heterozygous? 50% Blue, 50% pink
The genetic relationship that explains the production of melanin in the skin. Epistasis
Consider that round seeds (R) are dominant to wrinkled seeds (r); also, that tall (T) plants are dominant over short plants (t). Cross rrtt x RrTT and determine the phenotypic ratio of the offspring. 50% Round and Tall & 50% wrinkled and tall
A test cross must be performed. You cross the unknown genotype with a known _______ individual. Homozygous recessive
Consider that blue flowers are dominant and represented by B, and pink flowers are recessive and represented by b..... what would be the phenotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: homozygous dominant with heterozygous? 100% Blue Flowers
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t... what would be the phenotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: homozygous dominant with homozygous recessive? 100% Tall
The name of the genetic relationship which occurs when the phenotype is intermediate between the two traits. Incomplete Dominance
Consider that round seeds (R) are dominant to wrinkled seeds (r); also, that tall (T) plants are dominant over short plants (t). Cross RrTt x RrTt and determine the phenotypic ratio of the offspring. 9 Round & Tall, 3 Round and short, 3 wrinkled and tall, 1 wrinkled and short
Alleles that are both expressed in the heterozygote (such as blood type). Codominance
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t....what is the phenotype for the homozygous recessive genotype? Short
Height in humans is a result of this type of genetic relationship. Continuous Variation
This rule states that a gene pair assorts independently of another gene pair (when not on homologous chromosomes). Mendelian Principle of Independent Assortment
The actual genetic makeup of an organism. Genotype
The results of a test cross reveal that half the offspring have the recessive phenotype and the other half are dominant. What was the genotype of the unknown parent? (Assume dominant is tall, recessive is short.) Tt
This law states that only one allele specifying a trait can be carried on a single gamete, and therefore gene pairs are split during meiosis. Law of Segregation
Using the letter e, what would be the genotype for homozygous recessive? ee
Consider that blue flowers are dominant and represented by B, and pink flowers are recessive and represented by b..... what would be the genotypic ratio of the offspring if you crossed: homozygous dominant with heterozygous? 50% BB, 50% Bb
Consider that tall is dominant and represented by T, and short is recessive and represented by t....what is the phenotype for the heterozygous genotype? Would they be half tall and half short? No, all tall
Created by: mikec35-pbsc
 

 



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