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Chapter 5

The Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules BSC1010

QuestionAnswer
What are the 2 types of nucleic acids? RNA and DNA
What type of nucleotide is known as the "energy currency" of the cell? ATP
What makes up the primary structure of proteins? Amino Acid Sequence
The portion of a phospholipid that is polar and hydrophyllic. Glycerol Head
What are the triglyceride molecules that are liquid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon double bonds in the fatty acid tails which create kinks in the tails? Unsaturated
Saccharides, the proper name for sugars, are named by chemists and given what ending? -ose
Name 2 types of secondary strucures in proteins. Beta Pleated Sheet and the Alpha Helix
Which group of lipids has ring structures instead of fatty acid tails? steroids
The building blocks of proteins are _____. Amino Acids
An example of an unsaturated fat. salad oil
An example of a saturated fat. lard
What does RNA stand for? Ribonucleic Acid
The portion of the phospholipid that is non-polar and hydrophobic. Fatty Acid Tails
What does DNA stand for? Deoxyribonucleic acid
Name the 3 parts of an amino acid. Carboxyl group, amino group and a side "R" chain.
The building blocks of polysaccharides. monosaccharides
What makes the different amino acids unique? Side "R" chains
Name the covalent bond which holds the amino acids together in proteins. Peptide Bonds
Name a polysaccharide which is indigestible by humans; also known as "fiber"; the structural polysaccharide of plants. cellulose
Name all 4 groups of lipids. Glycerides, steroids, waxes & phospholipids
What are the 4 classes or organic molecules? carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
What are the building blocks of nucleic acids? Nucleotides
Name one example of a monosaccharide. glucose
Dissarcharides are named with the "di" prefix because of the number of subunits of sugars. How many would there be? Two
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide? Phosphate, Sugar & Base
What are the triglyceride molecules that are solid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon single bonds in the fatty acid tails? Saturated
Name one example of a polysaccharide which is a storage form of glucose in animals. glycogen