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unit one test

all of the things in unit one

Internal delivery system two types:rough er and smooth er . rough er has ribo stones on it Endoplasmic reticulum (er)
carry and ships in and out of the cell vesicles
waste remover digestive system lysosome
discovered animal cells Theodor SCHWANN
discovered plant cells Matthias SCHLEIDEN
looked at cork and discovered cells main person robert HOOKE
*basic unit of life *made from preexisting cells * all living organisms are made up of cells Cell Theory
*oldest type of cell *lack nucleus and organelles *single celled(bacteria) Prokaryotic
came from prokaryotic larger and contains nucleus and organelles Eukaryotic
dna plasma membrane cytoplasm ribosomes similarities of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
chloroplast & cell wall only found in plant cells
_t fill in theodor schwann
_m fill in matthias schleiden
what is the order form a cell to an ecosystem cell<tissue<organ<organ system<organism<population<community<ecosystem
what is a one celled organism called unicellular
what is a the opposite of a one celled organism multicelluar
are humans multicelluar yes
are all cells microscopic no
first to view tiny living things observed blood anton van leevwaerhoek
discovered where cells come from pre existing cells rudolph virchow
what is the two types of eukoryotic cells animal and plant
bacteria is a __________ prokaryotic cell
what does deoxyribonucleic acid stand for Dna
eyepiece power ___ x low objective power __ 10 x 4=40
eyepiece power ___ x medium objective power __ 10 x 10=100
eyepiece power ___ x high objective power __ 10 x40=400
energy in the cell is produced by what Mitochondria
cells need what food oxygen & water
selective permeability ability of the cell membrane to allow some things to pass and others to not
Diffusion movement of particles from an area of high concentration to low concentration
equilibrium where liquids and gases spread out evenly
active transport large particles being transported form low to high concentration
passive transport transporting from low to high no energy
osmosis the movement of water across the cell membrane
endocytosis large particles entering a cell
exocytosis particles exiting a cell
osmosis is the diffusion of _______ water
what are the two types of living things producer and consumer
producers- make their own food and are plant they also make their own food from PHOTOSYNTHESIS
consumers- get energy from other organism
carnivore eats what only meat
herbivore eats what only plants
omnivore eats what both plants and meat
PHOTOSYNTHESIS located in chloroplast and makes glucose(sugar) which is the plants food
METABOLISM the chemical activities needed to stay alive the process of breaking down foods
ATP breaks down food and releases energy
what is the equation for cellular respiration C(6)H(12)O(6) +6O(2) - 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O +ATP
what are the reactants for cellular respiration in number format C(6)H(12)O(6) +6O(2)
what are the reactants for cellular respiration in letter format glucose. oxygen
what are the products for cellular respiration in number format 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O +ATP
what are the products for cellular respiration in letter format carbon dioxide , water, energy
what is C(6)H(12)O(6) glucose
what is 6O(2) oxygen
what is 6CO(2) carbon dioxide
what is 6H(2)O water
what is ATP energy
what is the equation for photosynthesis 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O + Light - C(6)H(12)O(6) + 6O(2)
what are the reactants for Photosynthesis in number format 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O + Light
what are the reactants for Photosynthesis in letter format carbon dioxide , water , Light
what are the products for Photosynthesis in number format C(6)H(12)O(6) + 6O(2)
what are the products for Photosynthesis in letter format sugar, oxygen
what does plants give off Oxygen
What is the process of creating energy with little or no oxygen called? fermentation
what is mitosis process of cell division
who discovered mitosis Rudolph Virchow
how many phases of mitosis are there 6
what are the 6 phases of mitosis interphase,propahse,metaphase,anaphase,telaphase,cytokinesis
what is the outcome of mitosis 2 identical daughter cells
is mitosis asexual or sexual asexual
what is binary fission binary fission is how bacteria reproduces (prokaryotic)
what is the acronym for prophase metaphase anaphase telaphase PMAT
what is prophase nucleus is disappearing chromosomes are doubling and are starting to thicken centimes move to opposite sides
what is anaphase when the chromosomes are being pulled apart to opposite sides
what is metaphase when the chromosomes are lining up in the middle and they are attaching to spindle fibers
how can you remember anaphase Apart
how can you remember metaphase Middle
what is telaphase when the spindle fibers and chromosomes are disappearing 2 new cells are forming
what is inter phase a normal cell this. where the cell spends most of its life
what is cytokinesis the cells are totally apart and are now to identical daughter cells
cells alow us to_______ and they replace ____ cells grow,old
Walter sutton genes are located on chromosomes
asexual is one parent
sexual is 2 parents
what is the outcome of meiosis 4 unique haploids
what is a haploid a cell with half of the normal amount of chromosomes 23
what is a diploid a cell with all 46 chromosomes
2nd meiosis chromosomes do not___________ duplicate
zygote is the first life form
meiosis is the same process of mitosis just done 2 times
protein is produced by ribosomes
Created by: 429555
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