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Cell functions

These flashcards will help you memorize the parts of a cell, functions, etc.

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of the Nucleus? The nucleus controls most of the processes in the cell and is surrounded by a nuclear membrane that keeps it separated from the rest of the cell. contains DNA.
What is the function of the mitochondria? The mitochondria uses chemical energy from food molecules to make "high energy compounds" for the cell through the process of cellular respiration.
What is the function of rough endoplasmic reticulum? responsible for much of a cell's protein production and helps to package and transport proteins.
What is the function of smooth endoplasmic reticulum? responsible for other biological processes, such as making and storing lipids.
What is the function of a ribosome? helps to build proteins through a process called protein synthesis. from peptide bonds between amino acids in order to make proteins.
What is the function of the golgi body? helps to package and distribute proteins and lipids in the cell(manufacturing, packaging and shipping centers for cells).
What are the functions of the vesicles? sac-like structures that store and transport cellular products.
What is the function of the lysosome? store digestive enzymes used for intracellular digestion(breaking down of lipids, carbs., proteins, removes wastes, and removes worn out organelles or to engulf viruses or bacteria.
What is the function of a vacuole? stores water, salts, wastes, etc.
What is the function of the microtubules? helps support and shape the cell(makes up the cytoskeleton and a part of cell motility).
What is the function of the micrfilaments? provides cell with support and shape.
What is the function of a chloroplast? possess their own DNA and contains chlorophyll(used to convert light energy into chemical energy for later use). Is a part of photosynthesis.
What is the function of the cytoskeleton? helps move materials in and out of cell, gives cell its shape, offers support, and is an internal support system in cytoskeleton.
What is the function of the centrioles? is important in animal cell division in forming the apparatus and cleavage furrow.
What is the function of the nucleolus? area where ribosomes are produced before they move through the nuclear pores and into the cytoplasm
What is the function of the chromosomes? The DNA on chromosomes carries DNA and controls the hereditary transfer. Essential for cell division, replication, and creation of daughter cells.
What is the function of the nuclear membrane? surrounds the fluid portion of the nucleus and contains pores that allow certain things, such as ribosomes and ons to leave the nucleus.
What is the function of the cell wall? helps provide extra shape and support for cell, allows stems of plants to stand upright, and protects plant cells from expanding under pressure.
What is the function of the cell membrane? surrounds and protects cytoplasm ad its contents, controls what enters and exits the cells phospholipid bilayer
What is the function of the cytosol? jelly-like fluid that fills the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane; where most of the cell's metabolic processes occur.
How are the cytoskeleton, microtubules, and microfilaments connected? all of them help give the cell its shape and provide support. Microtubules and microfilaments make up the cytoskeleton.
What is a prokaryotic cell? simple cells that do not have a true nucleus; found in bacteria
What is an example of a prokaryotic cell? E Coli.
List the parts of a typical prokaryotic cell? cell membrane, flagellum, nucleoid region, cytoplasm, cell wall, ribosomes
What do all cells have in common?(parts) cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, and DNA.
What is a eukaryotic cell? Cells that have a true nucleus and make up organisms other than bacteria.
What is an example of a eukaryotic cell? plant cell
What organelles are present in a plant cell but not in an animal cell? cell wall and chloroplasts
How many cells does archaebacteria contain? 1
How many cells does eubacteria contain? 1
How many cells does protista contain? 1 or more
How many cells does plantae contain? more than 1
How many cells does animalia contain? more than 1
Which kingdoms have a cell wall? archaebacteria, fungi, and plantae
Which kingdoms don't have a cell wall? animalia, protista, eubacteria
Which kingdoms are autotrophs? archaebacteria, and plantae
Which kingdoms are heterotrophs? animalia, fungi, protista, and eubacteria
Which kingdoms contain a nucleus? protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
Which kingdoms don't contain a nucleus? eubacteria and archaebacteria
Which kingdoms reproduce asexually? archaebacteria, eubacteria, protista(mostly), fungi, plantae, and animalia(sometimes)
Which kingdoms can reproduce sexually? fungi, plantae, and animalia(most)
What are three methods unicellular organisms can use to move? Cilia(paramecia), flagellum(euglena), and pseudopods(amoeba)
What parts does a plant cell contain? cell wall, vacuole, chloroplasts, cell membrane, mitochondria, nucleus, nucleolus, ribosomes, ER, and golgi bodies
What parts does and animal cell contain? cell membrane, mitochondria ribosomes, nucleus, nucleolus, ER, golgi bodies, centrioles, and lysosomes.
What parts does a bacterial cell contain? cell membrane, nucleoid region, flagellum, cytoplasm, ribosomes, and cell wall.
Created by: Kjarrar