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SLS bio 11

cell biology OP

QuestionAnswer
Define the Cell Theory A cell is the fundamental structure to life, and cells arise from pre existing cells.
Chloroplast Are in eukaryotic cells (plant cells), and absorb sunlight and turn it into energy.
Chromatin Genetic material mixed of DNA and proteins ( located in the nucleus).
Chromosome Holds and stores genetic information in the form of genes.
Cilia Microscopic hair like structures that extend outwards in many animal cells
Cristae Increases the surface area of the inner membrane, allowing ATP to produce faster.
Cytoplasm is the jelly in the cell that keeps all the organelles in place.
Eukaryotic cell it is a plant cell that contain's a nucleus and organelles, and are enclosed by a plasma membrane.
Granum Membrane-like structure found in chloroplasts of plant cells.
Matrix material(tissue) that connects other cells together.
cell cycle it is the growth of the cell through mitosis.
Apoptosis is the programmed cell death.
Crossing-Over The exchange of chromosome fragments, then creates a new combination of genes.
Diploid making identical copies of its chromosomes and distributing them equally between two daughter cells
Haploid a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes.
Gamete Are sex cells.
Mitosis the type of division that gives rise to daughter cells for the purpose of tissue growth (Asexual)
Meiosis reduces the number of chromosomes in a cell before reproduction.
prokaryotic cells have a cell membrane or plasma membrane that acts like a protective cover. They also have a rigid cell wall for added support and protection
Stroma The stroma is the synthesis of organic molecules from water and carbon dioxide, also the fluid-filled space that is surrounding the grana also
Thlakoid They are the site of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis.
Aerobic Aerobic respiration is the process by which oxygen-breathing creatures turn fuel, such as fats and sugars, into energy.
Anabolism process involving a sequence of chemical reactions that constructs or synthesizes molecules from smaller units
catabolism responsible for breaking complex molecules down into smaller molecules
cellular respiratioon the cells organisms are to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into (ATP), and then release waste products
citric acid cycle is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through oxidization
fermantation process in which energy can be released from glucose even though oxygen is not available
glycolysis the process in which one glucose molecule is broken down to form two molecules of pyruvic acid
calvin cycle photosynthesis that occurs in the chloroplasts of plants and in many bacteria
chlorophy 2 responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.(green pigment)
light reaction The light reactions take place on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast.
photosynthesis use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.(in plant cells)
Created by: Oplater