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Oral Pathology

Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases

QuestionAnswer
Agranulocytosis Marked decrease in the number of granulocytes, particularly neutrophils
Anemia Reduction of the number of RBCs, quantity of hemoglobin, or volume of packed RBCs to less than normal
Arthralgia Severe pain in a joint
Autoimmunity Immune-mediated destruction of the body's own cells and tissues; immunity against itself
Catabolism component of metabolism that involves the breakdown of tissues
Coagulation formation of a clot
Ecchymosis small, flat, hemorrhagic patch, larger than a petechia, on the skin or mucous membrane
Fibrin insoluble protein that is essential to the clotting of blood.
Hemotocrit volume percentage of RBCs in whole blood
Hemolysis release of hemoglobin from RBCs by destruction of the cells
Hemostasis Stoppage or cessation of bleeding
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver
Hormone chemical substance produced in the body that has a specific regulatory effect on certain cells or a certain organ or organs
Hypercalcemia excess of calcium in the blood
Hyperglycemia excess of glucose in the blood
Hypochromic stained less intensely than normal
Hypophosphatemia deficiency of phosphates in the blood
insulin hormone produced inthe pancreas by the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans; insulin regulates glucose metabolism and is the major fuel-regulating hormone
Ketoacidosis Accumulation of acid int he body resulting from accumulation of ketone bodies
Microcyte RBC that is smaller than normal
Myalgia muscle pain
Neutropenia decrease number of neutrophils in the blood
Osteoporosis abnormal rarefaction of bone
Parathormone parathyroid hormone
petechia minute red spot on the skin or mucous membrane caused by escape of a small amount of blood
Platelet disc-shaped structure, also called thrombocyte, found in the blood; it plays and important role in blood coagulation
Polycythemia increase in the total red blood cell mass in the blood
Polydipsia chronic excessive thirst and intake in fluid
Purpura Blood disorders characterized by purplish or brownish-red discolorations caused by bleeding into the skin or tissues
Receptor cell surface protein to which a specific hormone can bid; such binding leads to biochemical events
Splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen
Thrombocyte platelet
Thrombocytopenia Decrease in the number of platelets in circulating blood
Created by: 8232969
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