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Amino acid The sub unit of a protein connected by peptide bonds
Monosaccharides Building blocks of carbohydrates,Single sugars such as glucose
Carbohydrates organic compounds that is a major source of short term energy for the human body
protein organic compound that is made of a chain of amino acids, examples are: enzymes, insulin, and hemoglobin
Lipids organic compound that does not dissolve in water; made of glycerol and fatty acids; examples = fats, waxes, oils.
Nucleotide Subunit (monomer) of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
Nucleic acid an organic compound, either RNA or DNA, whose molecules are made up of nucleotides and carry genetic information
Enzymes proteins that act as biological catalysts
Active site The site on an enzyme that attaches to a substrate; has a specific shape
Substrate The target molecule on which an enzyme works.
Denature A change in the shape of a protein (such as an enzyme) that can be caused by changes in temperature or pH
Fatty acids building blocks (monomer or subunit) of lipids
Biological catalyst A substance found in living organisms that speeds up reactions (an enzyme).
Polysaccharide carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
Created by: Antoniasmith