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A&P Week 5 Quiz 4

Masterbooks Intro to A&P Volume 1

TermDefinition
fracture a break in a bone
hematoma a mass of clotted blood
callus a cartilage-like layer of tissue that forms inside a fracture
immobilize keeping the broken pieces of bone from shifting
arthroscope a small telescope for looking into joints
reduction putting fractured bones into alignment
axial skeleton made up of the skull, vertebral column, and ribs
vertebral column protects the spinal cord
appendicular skeleton made up of the upper and lower limbs as well as the bones that connect them to the axial skeleton
pectoral girdle connects the arms to the axial skeleton
pelvic girdle connects the legs to the axial skeleton
flexion a movement that decreases the angle between two parts of the body
extension a movement that increases the angle between two parts of the body
abduction movement away from the midline of the body
adduction movement toward the midline of the body
articulate connected by a joint
sutures the joints that hold the cranial bones together
hyoid bone the only bone not connected to another bone located in the neck between the jawbone and the thyroid gland
complete fracture one where the bone breaks into two or more separate pieces
incomplete fracture one in which the bone is cracked but not broken all the way through
simple fracture one in which the bone is broken but does not break through the skin
compound fracture one in which the fractured bone breaks through the skin