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MBC2010 Sec. #1

Microbiology Flash Cards Prof Allen 2019 PBSC

QuestionAnswer
What are the triglyceride molecules that are solid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon single bonds in the fatty acid tails? Saturated
An example of an unsaturated fat. Salad oil
Name one example of a monosaccharide. glucose
What are the 4 classes or organic molecules? carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
Name the covalent bond which holds the amino acids together in proteins. Peptide Bonds
The building blocks of polysaccharides. Monosaccharides
What are the 2 types of nucleic acids? DNA and RNA
The building blocks of proteins are _____. Amino acids
What does RNA stand for? Ribonucleic Acid
What does DNA stand for? Deoxyribonucleic acid
Name 2 types of secondary structures in proteins. Alpha helix, beta pleated sheet
What are the triglyceride molecules that are liquid at room temperature, due to carbon to carbon double bonds in the fatty acid tails which create kinks in the tails? Unsaturated
Name a polysaccharide which is indigestible by humans; also known as "fiber"; the structural polysaccharide of plants. Cellulose
The portion of a phospholipid that is polar and hydrophyllic. Glycerol Head
What are the building blocks of nucleic acids? Nucleotides
What makes up the primary structure of proteins? Amino Acid Sequence
The portion of the phospholipid that is non-polar and hydrophobic. Fatty acid tails
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide? Phosphate, Sugar, Base
An example of a saturated fat. Lard
Name one example of a polysaccharide which is a storage form of glucose in plants. Starch
Created by: masim