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M.H. Ch. 7 Key Terms

mya hayes

TermDefinition
Family Planning A couple's commitment to making decisions about their reproductive capabilities
Sperm Male Sex Cell
Testes Reproductive glands that produce sperm.
Ovaries Almond-shaped organs that store immature egg cells.
Vas Deferens A long narrow tube that sperm travel up through to the man's body. Sperm leave the body through the urethra'
Ovulation Each month one ovary releases one mature egg.
Uterus A hollow, muscular organ that holds the baby during pregnancy.
Menstruation Menstruation This is the bloody discharge of the endometrium as it disintegrates each month if the egg goes unfertilized.
Fallopian Tubes The tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus. The mature egg passes through these tubes. Fertilization usually takes place here before travelling on to connect to the lining of the uterus.
Conception Fertilization of the egg by the sperm.
Chromosome A threadlike structure that contains hereditary information. Each chromosome contains thousands of genes.
Gene the basic unit of heredity. These carry all of the traits that are passed from one generation to the next.
Contraception Another name for birth control. Birth control is a deliberate prevention of pregnancy.
Zygote The name of the new cell when the nuclei of the sperm and egg merge into one nucleus. The merger of the nuclei takes 24 to 36 hours.
Genetic Counseling Counseling that offers scientific information and advice about heredity. Couples seek this counseling to learn how likely it is their baby will be born with certain congenital disorders.
Infertility The inability to conceive despite having intercourse regularly for at least one year. It occurs in as many as 16 percent of marriages.
Congenital Disorders Congenital Disorders Problems resulting from heredity that exist at birth.
Egg The female sex cell
Artificial Insemination A procedure in which a doctor places sperm containing semen directly in the upper part of the woman's vagina or uterus in hopes of fertilization taking place.
In Vitro fertilization A procedure that involves removing eggs from a woman's ovaries, fertilizing them with a man's sperm in a glass dish and then placing the fertilized eggs in the woman's uterus.
Closed Adoption No contact between the birth parents and the adoptive parents.
Open Adoption Some degree of contact between the birth parents and the adoptive parents.
Created by: mya0920