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unit 1


a compound is only organic if he contains Carbon
carbon often bonds itself with... hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
carbon can bond itself with four other atoms, so its good at forming different types of compounds
How does carbon get in our bodies eating other living things (plants)
how do plants absorb carbon from the air and how does this make it the foundation of every food web photosynthesis
what are macromolecules Large molecule
what are the four main important marcromolecules important to living things carbohydrate, proteins, lipids,nucleic acids
what are polymers Long chain of smaller molecules called monomers
building blocks = simple sugars
many building blocks= complex carbohydrate
Glucose storage in plants starch
what is glyogen stored glucose in muscle cells
organic main function provides quick cell energy
suger fruit sweet anthing with starch bread pasta rice are organic compounds
what are lips elements c,h,o
what are the four types of lipid fat-long term, phosphclips, steroids, waxes
what is fat- long term energy storage, organ cushioning, insulation
what is phospholipds this froms cell membranes
what are steroids harmones that regulate the body. made cholesterol
lipids main function is stores energy
what are proteins elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
what are proteins monomers amino acid
there are how many kinds of each unique properties 20
]in order for a protein to work it must be the correct shape
what is the shape of amino acid called polypeptide
what hold the amino acids together called peptide bonds
what is contractile proteins control movement such as proteins in the muscle
what are haromons proteins coordinate body activities
what are structural proteins arre used for support
what are emzyme proteins speed of chemical reactions. are unchanged by the chemical reaction
what are transportation proteins move subsrances throughout the body
Created by: Jaslynne