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Chapter 1

Introduction To Biological Concepts and Research

QuestionAnswer
What is Life? Organized, contains Genetic Materials , Metabolism, Responds to the environment, Reproduces, Change in Population
Emergent Properties Something a living things has, but can not be considered living on its own
Examples of Emergent Properties Detached foot, hand, tail, eyeball, heart ect.
Cells Lowest level of Biological Organization
Unicellular Organisms Single celled
Examples of Unicellular Organisms Bacteria or Protozoans
Multicellular Organisms Made up of Groups of interdependent cells
Examples of Multicellular Organisms Plants or Animals
Population Groups of organisms of the same kind that live together in the same place
Community Group of all the populations of different organism living together in the same place
Ecosystem The community and nonliving factors with which it interacts
Biosphere All the ecosystems of Earth's waters, crust, and atmosphere
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Large, double-stranded, helical molecule that contains instructions for building a living organism from simpler molecules
Genome DNA of a living organism constitutes (controls actions in cell controlled by protein)
Genes specific regions of genome that encode instructions for building RNA and protein
Proteins Carry out most of the activities of life, including the synthesis of all other biological molecu;es
Central Dogma DNA- RNA (Amino Acid) -Protein
Metabolism how body takes in outside food sources breakdowns to get energy
Photosynthesis Produces own food
Cellular Respiration breaks down biological molecules with oxygen, releasing chemical energy
Homeostasis Maintenance of a steady internal condition by responses that compensate for changes in the external environment
Reproduction Process in which parents pass on their DNA and produce offspring that resemble them
Created by: Jgrayson01